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Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990

Overview

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/220
Project
Release Date2016-08-16
Usage399 downloads
Citations5 publications cited this dataset

Description

This data set contains monthly temperature, precipitation, sea-level pressure, and station-pressure data for thousands of meteorological stations worldwide. The database was compiled from pre-existing national, regional, and global collections of data as part of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) project, the goal of which is to produce, maintain, and make available a comprehensive global surface baseline climate data set for monitoring climate and detecting climate change. It contains data from roughly 6000 temperature stations, 7500 precipitation stations, 1800 sea level pressure stations, and 1800 station pressure stations. Each station has at least 10 years of data, 40% have more than 50 years of data. Spatial coverage is good over most of the globe, particularly for the United States and Europe. Data gaps are evident over the Amazon rainforest, the Sahara Desert, Greenland, and Antarctica.

Science Keywords

  • ATMOSPHERE
  • ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE
  • SURFACE TEMPERATURE
  • AIR TEMPERATURE
  • ATMOSPHERE
  • ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
  • SEA LEVEL PRESSURE
  • ATMOSPHERE
  • ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
  • SURFACE PRESSURE
  • ATMOSPHERE
  • PRECIPITATION
  • PRECIPITATION AMOUNT

Citation

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Crosscite Citation Formatter
Vose, R.S., R.L. Schmoyer, P.M. Steurer, T.C. Peterson, R. Heim, T.R. Karl, and J.K. Eischeid. 2016. Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/220

See our Data Citations and Acknowledgements policy for more information.

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)SizeDates
press.sta.data.Z 1.5MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31
press.sea.data.Z 1.2MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31
precip.data.Z 10.9MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31
temp.data.Z 6.1MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31

Companion Files

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Dataset has 18 companion files.

  • flag.for
  • press.sta.statinv
  • data.sas
  • ndp041.txt
  • flag.sas
  • cocodes.f2
  • temp.statinv
  • press.sea.statinv
  • cocodes.f1
  • temp.flag.Z
  • data.for
  • CDIAC_NDP41.pdf
  • precip.flag.Z
  • invent.sas
  • precip.statinv
  • press.sta.flag.Z
  • invent.for
  • press.sea.flag.Z