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Gridded GEDI Vegetation Structure Metrics and Biomass Density at Multiple Resolutions

Overview

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/2339
Version1
Project
Published2024-05-28
Usage110 downloads

Description

This dataset consists of near-global, analysis-ready, multi-resolution gridded vegetation structure metrics derived from NASA Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) Level 2 and 4A products (Version 2) associated with 25-m diameter lidar footprints. This dataset provides a comprehensive representation of near-global vegetation structure that is inclusive of the entire vertical profile, based solely on GEDI lidar, and validated with independent data. The GEDI sensor, mounted on the International Space Station (ISS), uses eight laser beams spaced by 60 m along-track and 600 m across-track on the Earth surface to measure ground elevation and vegetation structure between approximately 52 degrees North and South latitude. Between April 17th 2019 and March 16th 2023, GEDI acquired 11 and 7.7 billion quality waveforms suitable for measuring ground elevation and vegetation structure, respectively. This dataset provides GEDI shot metrics aggregated into raster grids at three spatial resolutions: 1 km, 6 km, and 12 km. In addition to many of the standard L2 and L4A shot metrics, several additional metrics have been derived which may be particularly useful for applications in carbon and water cycling processes in earth system models, as well as forest management, biodiversity modeling, and habitat assessment. Variables include canopy height, canopy cover, plant area index, foliage height diversity, and plant area volume density at 5 m strata. Eight statistics are included for each GEDI shot metric: mean, bootstrapped standard error of the mean, median, standard deviation, interquartile range, 95th percentile, Shannon's diversity index, and shot count. Quality shot filtering methodology that aligns with the GEDI L4B Gridded Aboveground Biomass Density, Version 2.1 was used. In comparison to the current GEDI L3 dataset, this dataset provides additional gridded metrics at multiple spatial resolutions and over several temporal periods (annual and the full mission duration). Files are provided in cloud optimized GeoTIFF format.

Science Keywords

  • BIOSPHERE
  • VEGETATION
  • BIOMASS
  • BIOSPHERE
  • VEGETATION
  • CANOPY CHARACTERISTICS
  • VEGETATION HEIGHT
  • BIOSPHERE
  • VEGETATION
  • FOREST COMPOSITION/VEGETATION STRUCTURE
  • BIOSPHERE
  • VEGETATION
  • CANOPY CHARACTERISTICS

Data Use and Citation

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Crosscite Citation Formatter
Burns, P., C. Hakkenberg, and S.J. Goetz. 2024. Gridded GEDI Vegetation Structure Metrics and Biomass Density at Multiple Resolutions. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/2339

This dataset is openly shared, without restriction, in accordance with the EOSDIS Data Use Policy. See our Data Use and Citation Policy for more information.

Data Files

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Companion Files

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Dataset has 2 companion files.

  • GEDI_Gridded_ALS_validation.pdf
  • GEDI_HighQuality_Shots_Rasters.pdf