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Gridded CO2 and CH4 Flux Estimates for pan-Arctic and Boreal Regions, 2003-2015

Overview

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/2121
Version1
Project
Published2024-03-22
Updated2024-03-22
Usage100 downloads

Description

This dataset provides gridded estimates of gross primary productivity (GPP), ecosystem respiration (Reco), net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE = Reco - GPP), and methane (CH4) emissions from tundra and boreal wetland soils, across the pan-Arctic and Boreal zone (>49 degrees north) at 1-km spatial resolution. The data were produced through simulations of the Arctic Terrestrial Carbon Flux Model (TCFM-Arctic) and are provided at the daily time step for the years 2003-2015. TCFM-Arctic uses a light-use efficiency approach driven by satellite estimates of FPAR (fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation) to estimate GPP, and autotrophic respiration (Rauto) is estimated as a fraction of GPP. Heterotrophic respiration (Rhetero) is estimated using decomposition rates with environmental constraints applied to three near-surface soil organic carbon (SOC) pools, and Reco is determined as the sum of Ra and Rh. Methane production is estimated using optimal CH4 production rates with environmental constraints applied to the labile carbon pool, and transfer of CH4 from the soil to the atmosphere is modeled through vegetation, soil diffusion, and water ebullition pathways. The model estimates were calibrated and evaluated using >60 tower eddy covariance (EC) sites. Baseline carbon pools were initialized by continuously cycling (spinning-up) the model for 1,000 model years using recent climatology from 1985 to 2002 to reach a dynamic steady-state between estimated net primary productivity (NPP = GPP - Rauto) and near-surface SOC pools. The TCFM-Arctic simulations were extended to the full Arctic-boreal domain at a 1-km spatial resolution using land cover maps representing high latitude vegetation communities. The data are provided in NetCDF and comma-separated values (CSV) formats.

Science Keywords

  • BIOSPHERE
  • ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS
  • ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS
  • RESPIRATION RATE
  • BIOSPHERE
  • ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS
  • ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS
  • BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
  • BIOSPHERE
  • ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS
  • ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS
  • PRIMARY PRODUCTION

Data Use and Citation

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Crosscite Citation Formatter
Farina, M.K., and J.D. Watts. 2022. Gridded CO2 and CH4 Flux Estimates for pan-Arctic and Boreal Regions, 2003-2015. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/2121

This dataset is openly shared, without restriction, in accordance with the EOSDIS Data Use Policy. See our Data Use and Citation Policy for more information.

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Companion Files

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Dataset has 1 companion files.

  • ABoVE_CO2_CH4_Flux_Estimates.pdf