This data set is a subset of "Global Monthly Climatology for the 20th Century (New et al.)" (2000a). This subset characterizes mean monthly surface climate over the study area of the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) in South America (i.e., latitude 10° N to 25° S, longitude 30° to 85° W) during nearly all of the 20th Century. The data are gridded at 0.5-degree latitude/longitude resolution and include seven variables: precipitation, mean temperature, diurnal temperature range, wet-day frequency, vapour pressure, cloud cover, and ground-frost frequency. All variables have mean monthly values for the period 1901-1995, several have data as recent as 1998, and further data will be added by the data originators. In constructing the monthly grids, the authors used an anomaly approach that attempts to maximize station data in space and time (New et al. 2000b). In this technique, grids of monthly historic anomalies are derived in relation to a standard normal period. Station measurement data for the years 1961-1990 were extracted from the monthly data holdings of the Climatic Research Unit and the Global Historic Climatology Network (GHCN) and used in constructing the normal period (New et al. 1999). The anomaly grids were then combined with high-resolution mean monthly climatology to arrive at fields of estimated historical monthly surface climate. Data are in ASCII GRID format for ArcInfo. Information on creating this LBA subset is available in http://daac.ornl.gov/daacdata/lba/physical_climate/GIS_EastAngliaClimateMonthly/comp/eastanglia_readme.pdf.
Data users are encouraged to see the companion file New et al. (2000) for a complete description of this technique and potential applications and limitations of the data set. For additional information, refer to the IPCC Data Distribution Centre.
To access the complete year-by-year monthly data set or data more recent than posted here, users may make a request with the Climate Impacts LINK Project at the Climatic Research Unit (e-mail: email@example.com; web site: www.cru.uea.ac.uk/link/).
LBA was a cooperative international research initiative led by Brazil. NASA was a lead sponsor for several experiments. LBA was designed to create the new knowledge needed to understand the climatological, ecological, biogeochemical, and hydrological functioning of Amazonia; the impact of land use change on these functions; and the interactions between Amazonia and the Earth system. More information about LBA can be found at http://www.daac.ornl.gov/LBA/misc_amazon.html.
Cite this data set as follows:
New, M., M. Hulme, and P. D. Jones. 2003. LBA Regional Monthly Climatology for the 20th Century (New et al.). Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/682.
New, M. G., M. Hulme, and P. D. Jones. 1999. Representing Twentieth Century space-time climate variability. Part I: Development of a 1961-1990 mean monthly terrestrial climatology. J. Climate 12:829-56.
New, M., M. Hulme, and P. D. Jones. 2000a. Global Monthly Climatology for the Twentieth Century (New et al.). Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.
New, M. G., M. Hulme, and P. D. Jones. 2000b. Representing Twentieth Century space-time climate variability. Part II: Development of a 1901-1996 monthly terrestrial climate field. J. Climate 13:2217-38.
For information on parameter/variable names, variable description/definition, units of measurement, and data file format, see the companion file ( http://daac.ornl.gov/daacdata/lba/physical_climate/GIS_EastAngliaClimateMonthly/comp/eastanglia_readme.pdf).