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AVIRIS-Classic: L1B Calibrated Radiance, Facility Instrument Collection, V1


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This dataset contains Level 1B (L1B) orthocorrected, scaled radiance image files as well as files of observational geometry and illumination parameters and supporting sensor band information from the Airborne Visible / Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS-Classic) instrument. This is the NASA Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) facility instrument archive of these data. The NASA AVIRIS-Classic is a pushbroom spectral mapping system with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), designed and toleranced for high performance spectroscopy. AVIRIS-Classic measures reflected radiance in 224 contiguous bands at approximately 10-nm intervals in the Visible to Shortwave Infrared (VSWIR) spectral range from 400-2500 nm. The AVIRIS-Classic sensor has a 1 milliradian instantaneous field of view, providing altitude dependent ground sampling distances from 20 m to sub meter range. AVIRIS-Classic is flown on a variety of aircraft platforms including the Twin Otter, NASA's WB-57, and NASA's high altitude ER-2. Multiple file types are included for each flight line. The primary data files include: orthocorrected calibrated radiance image (img) files, geometric lookup table (glt) and orthocorrected observation geometry and illumination (obs_ort) files. Also included are unprojected files of input geometry (igm), and parameters relating to the geometry of observation and illumination (obs). Additional files provide information on spectral (spc) and radiometric calibration (rcc, gain), spatial resolution (geo), aircraft and sensor position (eph, nav), deployment notes (info), and data processing (plog). Quicklook images (jpeg) and polygon outlines of imagery footprints (kmz) are provided for each flight line. The primary AVIRIS-Classic L1B data are provided in ENVI binary format, which includes a flat binary file accompanied by a header (.hdr) file holding metadata in text format. The ancillary files include JPEG images, maps in Keyhole Markup Language (KML), and calibration files in binary and text formats.This archive currently includes data from 2006 - 2021. Additional L1B data will be added as they become available. AVIRIS-Classic supports NASA Science and applications in many areas including plant composition and function, geology and soils, greenhouse gas mapping, and calibration of orbital platforms.

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Data Use and Citation

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Crosscite Citation Formatter
Green, R.O., D.R. Thompson, J.W. Boardman, J.W. Chapman, M. Eastwood, M. Helmlinger, S.R. Lundeen, and W. Olson-Duvall. 2023. AVIRIS-Classic: L1B Calibrated Radiance, Facility Instrument Collection, V1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.

This dataset is openly shared, without restriction, in accordance with the EOSDIS Data Use Policy. See our Data Use and Citation Policy for more information.

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Companion Files

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Dataset has 1 companion files.

  • AVIRIS-Classic_L1B_Radiance.pdf