Documentation Revision Date: 2023-09-21
Dataset Version: 3
Delta-X conducted a joint airborne and field campaign in the Mississippi River Delta (MRD) during Spring and Fall 2021. The Delta-X campaign conducted airborne (remote sensing) and field (in situ) measurements to observe hydrology, water quality (e.g., total suspended solids (TSS)) and vegetation structure.
This dataset contains one file in comma-separated values (.csv) format.
Castañeda-Moya, E., and E. Solohin. 2023. Delta-X: Soil Properties for Herbaceous Wetlands, MRD, Louisiana, 2021, V3. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/2239
Table of Contents
- Dataset Overview
- Data Characteristics
- Application and Derivation
- Quality Assessment
- Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods
- Data Access
- Dataset Revisions
This dataset contains properties of soil core samples for herbaceous wetlands collected in the Atchafalaya and Terrebonne basins in southeastern coastal Louisiana for the period 2021-03-21 to 2021-04-02 and on 2021-08-19. Field measurements were conducted at six sites in the Atchafalaya (N = 3) and Terrebonne (N = 3) basins. Five sites were adjacent to sites from the Coastwide Reference Monitoring System (CRMS; Steyer et al. 2003). The other site is in the Wax Lake Delta (WLD) without appropriate adjacent CRMS sites. Herbaceous wetland sites in both basins were chosen to represent a salinity gradient including freshwater, brackish and saline ecosystems. Soil properties include bulk density, organic matter content, total densities of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, along with 13C and 15N isotopic signatures.
The Delta-X mission is a 5-year NASA Earth Venture Suborbital-3 mission to study the Mississippi River Delta in the United States, which is growing and sinking in different areas. River deltas and their wetlands are drowning as a result of sea level rise and reduced sediment inputs. The Delta-X mission will determine which parts will survive and continue to grow, and which parts will be lost. Delta-X begins with airborne and in situ data acquisition and carries through data analysis, model integration, and validation to predict the extent and spatial patterns of future deltaic land loss or gain.
This study was funded by the NASA Science Mission Directorate’s Earth Science Division through the Earth Venture Suborbital-3 Program NNH17ZDA001N-EVS3.
Spatial Coverage: Atchafalaya and Terrebonne Basins, southern coast of Louisiana, USA
Spatial Resolution: Point samples, spaced 30 m apart along transects.
Temporal Coverage: 2021-03-21 to 2021-04-02 and on 2021-08-19
Temporal Resolution: One-time samples
Site Boundaries: Latitude and longitude are given in decimal degrees.
|Site||Westernmost Longitude||Easternmost Longitude||Northernmost Latitude||Southernmost Latitude|
|Atchafalaya and Terrebonne Basins||-91.4451||-90.8219||29.51017||29.1714|
Data File Information
There is one data file in comma-separated values (.csv) format with this dataset: DeltaX_Soil_Properties_Spring_Fall_2021_v3.csv
Table 1. Variables in the data file.
|basin||-||The basins are Atchafalaya or Terrebonne|
|campaign||-||The campaigns are Spring_2021 or Fall_2021|
|date||YYYY-MM-DD||Date of sampling|
|latitude||degree_north||Latitude of sampling site|
|longitude||degree_east||Longitude of sampling site|
|hydrogeomorphic_zone||-||The hydrogeomorphic zones are intertidal, High intertidal, or intermediate intertidal. Note that this is an update from the previous version (V2) which had supratidal zones in this column|
|sampling_station||-||Sampling station ID|
|soil_core_id||-||Soil core ID (1, 2)|
|depth_interval||text||Depth interval of the soil sample for each core in cm (e.g., "10-20 cm")|
|bulk_density||g cm-3||Dry mass of soil divided by its wet volume|
|organic_matter_content||percent||Percent of organic matter in known dry mass of soil|
|total_carbon_density||mg cm-3||Total carbon density in known wet volume of soil|
|total_nitrogen_density||mg cm-3||Total nitrogen density in known wet volume of soil|
|total_phosphorus_density||mg cm-3||Total phosphorus density in known wet volume of soil|
|15N||‰ (per mille)||δ15N, 15N isotopic signature, or concentration of 15N isotope in parts per thousand, as relative to the international standards and atmospheric air. Note that this variable has been added with the V3 update to this dataset; these data are not in previous versions.|
|13C||‰ (per mille)||δ13C, 13C isotopic signature, or concentration of 13C isotope in parts per thousand, as relative to the international standards and atmospheric air. Note that this variable has been added with the V3 update to this dataset; these data are not in previous versions.|
Application and Derivation
Soil properties data will be used to calibrate and validate the ecogeomorphic (NUMAR) and hydrodynamic models. This research will contribute to a better understanding of changes in soil carbon and nutrient (N, P) concentrations, bulk density, organic matter content, and isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N) across sites in two coastal deltaic basins (Atchafalaya and Terrebonne) with distinct sediment delivery and hydrologic regimes.
Data quality for each soil property (e.g., bulk density, TN, etc.) was initially assessed using standard error (SE) and coefficient of variation statistics. Carbon and nutrient analyses were determined on duplicate analytical replicates of each sample and the run precision was determined based on relative percent difference between replicates at an acceptance limit of <5%. Accuracy was determined by the analysis of certified standard reference material during each run. Acceptable limits for accuracy were ±5%. Data outside these limits were not used and samples were re-run to obtain new accurate values.
Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods
Soil cores collected at six herbaceous wetland sites (Fig. 2) are for the period during Spring 2021 (between March 21 – April 2, 2021) and at Mike Island intermediate intertidal zone during Fall 2021 (August 19) to determine changes in soil carbon and nutrient (N, P) concentrations, bulk density, organic matter content, and isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N) across sites in two coastal deltaic basins (Atchafalaya and Terrebonne) with distinct sediment delivery and hydrologic regimes. Five out of the six selected sites for field measurements are part of the Coastal Reference Monitoring System (CRMS; Steyer et al., 2003), and they are labeled with ‘CRMS’ in the site_id variable. The WLD site did not have an adjacent CRMS site.
Figure 2. Vegetation sampling sites in Atchafalaya and Terrebonne Basins for the Delta-X 2021 field efforts. The Wax Lake Delta (WLD) location has the site_id "Mike Island" in the datafile. Data are not provided for the CRMS2568 site.
At each herbaceous wetland site, duplicate sampling stations (30 m apart) were established parallel to the wetland edge at 25 and 50 m within the intertidal zone to capture within site variability in vegetation dynamics and soil properties. In WLD, due to a variety of elevation ranges within the wetland site, duplicate stations were established in the high and intermediate intertidal zones.
At each sampling station, within each site, one 50-cm soil core was collected using a Russian peat corer (5-cm diameter). Soil cores were sectioned into 10-cm intervals and stored on ice in plastic bags for further analyses in the laboratory. Soil cores were further processed in the lab to determine soil properties including carbon and nutrient (N, P) concentrations and ratios, bulk density, organic matter content, and isotopic signatures. Core samples were ground with a Wiley Mill to pass through a 250-μm-mesh screen and stored separately in glass scintillation vials. Organic matter content (% ash-free dry weight) was determined by loss-on-ignition (LOI) at 550ºC for 4 h (Davies 1974). Total carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) content of soil samples were determined on duplicate analytical replicates of each sample with a NA1500 elemental analyzer (Fisons, Instruments, Inc., Danvers, MA). Total P was extracted using an acid-digested (HCl) extraction and concentrations determined by colorimetric analysis (Methods 365.4 and 365.2, US EPA 1983). Soil carbon and nutrient density are expressed in mg cm-3 using bulk density values. Soil C and N bulk isotopic signatures (δ13C, δ15N) were analyzed on a Thermo Scientific Delta V Plus CF-IRMS coupled to a Carlo-Erba 1108 elemental analyzer via a ConFlo IV interface (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA). Stable isotope data are reported in δ13C (‰) and δ15N (‰) notation as relative to the international standards and atmospheric air (Sulzman 2007).
These data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).
Contact for Data Center Access Information:
- E-mail: email@example.com
- Telephone: +1 (865) 241-3952
Davies, B.E. 1974. Loss-on-ignition as an estimate of soil organic matter. Soil Science Society of America Journal 38:150-151. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1974.03615995003800010046x
Dean, W.E., Jr. 1974. Determination of carbonate and organic matter in calcareous sediments and sedimentary rocks by loss on ignition: comparison with other methods. SEPM Journal of Sedimentary Research Vol. 44. https://doi.org/10.1306/74D729D2-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865D
EPA. 1983. Method 365.4: Total phosphorus (Colorimetric, automated, block digester AA II): US EPA Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC. https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2015-08/documents/method_365-4_1974.pdf
Fourqurean, J.W., G.A. Kendrick, L.S. Collins, R.M. Chambers, and M.A. Vanderklift. 2012. Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus storage in subtropical seagrass meadows: examples from Florida Bay and Shark Bay. Marine and Freshwater Research 63:967-983. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF12101
Steyer, G.D., C.E. Sasser, J.M. Visser, E.M. Swenson, J.A. Nyman, and R.C. Raynie. 2003. A proposed coast-wide reference monitoring system for evaluating wetland restoration trajectories in Louisiana. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 81:107-117. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021368722681
Sulzman, E.W. 2007. Stable isotope chemistry and measurement: a primer. Pp. 1-21 in R. Michener and K. Lajtha (eds). Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science. Blackwell Publishing; Malden, Massachussetts. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470691854.ch1
The data file was replaced. The column hydrogeomorphic_zone was updated, and the “supratidal” zone is no longer in the data file. Data for 13C and 15N isotopic signatures were added
Fall campaign data were added and the spring campaign data were updated
Version 1.0 released