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A BOREAS version of the Global Production Efficiency Model ( was developed by TE-17 to generate maps of gross and net primary production, autotrophic respiration, and light use efficiency for the BOREAS region. This document provides basic information on the model and how the maps were generated. The data generated by the model are stored in binary image-format files.

A guide document which includes more information about this data set can be found at

ORNL DAAC maintains information on the entire BOREAS Project.

Data Citation

Cite this data set as follows:

Goward, S. N., S. D. Prince, S. J. Goetz, K. Czajkowski, and R. O. Dubayah.1999. BOREAS TE-17 Production Efficiency Model Images. Data set. Available on-line [] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.


Czajkowski, K.P., T. Mulhern, S.N. Goward, and J. Cihlar. 1997a. Biospheric environmental monitoring at BOREAS with AVHRR observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D24): 29,651-29,662.

Goetz, S.J. and S.D. Prince. 1996. Remote sensing of net primary production in boreal forest stands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 78: 149-179.

Goetz, S.J. and S.D. Prince. 1998. Variability in carbon exchange and light utilization among boreal forest stands: implications for remote sensing of net primary production. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 375-389.

Goetz, S. J., S. D. Prince, S. N. Goward, M. M. Thawley, J. Small and A. Johnston. 1999b. Mapping net primary production and related biophysical variables with remote sensing: application to the BOREAS region, Journal of Geophysical Research (in press).

Hall, F.G., Y. Shimabukuro, and K.F. Huemmrich. 1995. Remote sensing of forest biophysical structure in boreal stands of Picea mariana using mixture decomposition and geometric reflectance models. Ecological Applications, 5: 993-1013.

Sellers, P. and F. Hall. 1994. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: Experiment Plan. Version 1994-3.0, NASA BOREAS Report (EXPLAN 94).

Sellers, P. and F. Hall. 1996. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: Experiment Plan. Version 1996-2.0, NASA BOREAS Report (EXPLAN 96).

Sellers, P., F. Hall, and K.F. Huemmrich. 1996. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: 1994 Operations. NASA BOREAS Report (OPSDOC 94).

Sellers, P., F. Hall, and K.F. Huemmrich. 1997. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: 1996 Operations. NASA BOREAS Report (OPSDOC 96).

Sellers, P.J., F. Hall, H. Margolis, B. Kelly, D. Baldocchi, G. den Hartog, J. Cihlar, M.G. Ryan, B. Goodison, P. Crill, K.J. Ranson, D. Lettenmaier, and D.E. Wickland. 1995. The Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS): An overview and early results from the 1994 field year. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 76:1549-1577.

Sellers, P.J., F.G. Hall, R.D. Kelly, A. Black, D. Baldocchi, J. Berry, M. Ryan, K.J. Ranson, P.M. Crill, D.P. Lettenmaier, H. Margolis, J. Cihlar, J. Newcomer, D. Fitzjarrald, P.G. Jarvis, S.T. Gower, D. Halliwell, D. Williams, B. Goodison, D.E. Wickland, and F.E. Guertin. 1997. BOREAS in 1997: Experiment overview, scientific results, and future directions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (D24): 28,731-28,769.

Data Format:

There is no data format file for this dataset.

Document Information:

09-Dec-1999 (data citation revised on 25-Sep-2002)

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