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Pre-ABoVE: Vegetation Types and Physiographic Features, Imnavait Creek, Alaska

Documentation Revision Date: 2017-09-25

Data Set Version: 1

Summary

This dataset provides the spatial distribution of vegetation types, soil carbon, and physiographic features in the Imnavait Creek area, Alaska. Specific attributes include vegetation, percent water, glacial geology, soil carbon, a digital elevation model (DEM), surficial geology and surficial geomorphology. Data are also provided on the research grids for georeferencing. The map data are from a variety of sources and encompass the period 1970-06-01 to 2015-08-31.

Imnavait Creek is situated in a shallow basin at the foothills of the central Brooks Range and the Imnavait Creek vegetation area is located near the center of the Upper Kuparuk River region. The study area provides a good representation of the southern foothills of the Brooks Range, a glaciated region characterized by rolling tundra plains interspersed with hills, knobs and low ridges.

There are 13 data files with this data set. This includes 12 shapefiles (provided in .zip files) and one file in GeoTIFF (.tif) format. The shapefile data are also provided as companion files in .kmz format for viewing in Google Earth.

Figure 1. Elevation of Imnavait Creek 1 x 1 km grid near Toolik Lake, Alaska (from imnavait_grid_dem.tif).

Citation

Walker, D.A. 2017. Pre-ABoVE: Vegetation Types and Physiographic Features, Imnavait Creek, Alaska. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1385

Table of Contents

  1. Data Set Overview
  2. Data Characteristics
  3. Application and Derivation
  4. Quality Assessment
  5. Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods
  6. Data Access
  7. References

Data Set Overview

This data set provides the spatial distributions of vegetation types, soil carbon, and physiographic features in the Imnavait Creek area, Alaska. Specific attributes include vegetation, percent water, glacial geology, soil carbon, a digital elevation model (DEM), surficial geology and surficial geomorphology. The map data are from a variety of sources and encompass the period 1970-06-01 to 2015-08-31.

The Imnavait Creek vegetation area is located near the center of the Upper Kuparuk River region, east of Toolik Lake. It encloses a 20-km^2 area south of the Dalton Highway that includes both Imnavait Creek and the Toolik River in the center and stretches from the Kuparuk River on the west to the headwaters of Oksrukuyik Creek on the east. It includes the experimental areas around Imnavait Creek and the ridges that run north to south between the drainages. The area contains surfaces with irregular topography that were glaciated during the mid-Pleistocene.

The vegetation map portrays the physiognomy of the dominant plant communities in each mapped polygon. Fifty-one landcover types were recognized in the field (minimum mapping unit approximately 250 m^2). These were later grouped into the 14 physiognomic vegetation units on the map.

The geobotanical map is a vector map (shp) with fields for vegetation, surficial geomorphology, surficial geology, glacial geology, and percent water.

The Imnavait 1-km grid is mapped in more detail and is the area that has been investigated and been the subject of experimentation by numerous researchers based at the Toolik Research Station.

Project: Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE)

The Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment is a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign that will take place in Alaska and western Canada between 2016 and 2021. Climate change in the Arctic and Boreal region is unfolding faster than anywhere else on Earth. ABoVE seeks a better understanding of the vulnerability and resilience of ecosystems and society to this changing environment.

Related data set:

During August 1984 and August-September 1985, environmental, soil, and vegetation data were collected from 84 study plots at the Imnavait Creek research site.

Walker, D.A. 2016. Pre-ABoVE: Arctic Vegetation Plots at Imnavait Creek, Alaska, 1984-1985. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1356

Acknowledgements:

These data were obtained from the Alaska Arctic Geoecological Atlas (http://agc.portal.gina.alaska.edu), which provides access to existing Arctic vegetation plot and map data in support of the ABoVE campaign.

Data Characteristics

Spatial Coverage: Imnavait Creek, North Slope, Alaska

ABoVE Grid Location:

Domain: Core ABoVE

State/territory: Alaska

Grid cells:  Ahh1Avv0

Region: Northern Alaska

Spatial Resolution: 1 meter (GeoTIFF)

Temporal Coverage: 1970-06-01 to 2015-08-31

 Temporal Resolution: Annual

Study Area (All latitude and longitude given in decimal degrees)

Site Westernmost Longitude Easternmost Longitude Northernmost Latitude Southernmost Latitude
Imnavait Creek, North Slope, Alaska -149.375888 -149.258261 68.632095 68.61

 

Data file information

There are 13 data files with this data set. This includes 12 shapefiles (provided in .zip files) and one file in GeoTIFF (.tif) format. The *.zip files contain the .shp, .shx, .dbf, .prj, .sbn, .sbx and a .lyr file. The shapefile data are also provided as companion files in .kmz format for viewing in Google Earth.

The data files with “area" in the file name provide mapped data for the Imnavait Creek study area. The files with “grid” in the name provide data on the Imnavait Creek 1-km2 research grid within the study area.

Table 1. Data file names and descriptions

Data File Description
imnavait_grid_dem.tif Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the Imnavait Creek research grid in GeoTIFF (.tif) format.
imnavait_area_veg.zip Vegetation types surrounding the Imnavait Creek area, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_grid_veg.zip Vegetation types on the experimental research grid provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format. Includes a layer file
imnavait_area_surfgeomorphology.zip Spatial distributions of the surficial geomomorphology surrounding the Imnavait Creek area, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_grid_surfgeomorphology.zip Surficial geomorphology on the experimental research grid provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format Includes a layer file
imnavait_area_surfgeology.zip Spatial distributions of the surficial geology in the area surrounding Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_grid_surfgeology.zip Surficial geology on the experimental research grid provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format. Includes a layer file
imnavait_grid_contours.zip Grid contours on the research grid at Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_area_geobotany.zip Geobotanical features of the area surrounding Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_grid_geobotanical.zip Geobotanical features on the experimental research grid, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_area_glacgeol.zip Glacial geologic features of the area surrounding Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_area_landform.zip Landforms of the area surrounding Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format
imnavait_area_pctwtr.zip Percent water of the area surrounding Imnavait Creek, provided as a shapefile (.shp) in compressed (*.zip) format

 

Properties of the GeoTIFF file: imnavait_grid_dem.tif

Table 2. Attributes of the GeoTIFF file

File Name Map units Fill Value Data Type Number of Bands
imnavait_grid_dem.tif meters -9999 Float32 1

 

Table 3.  Extent of the GeoTIFF  

File Name West East North South
imnavait_grid_dem.tif -149.322 -149.288 68.62694 68.61

 

Properties of the shapefiles

The shapefile attributes in each data file are provided below. The codes and descriptions of the attributes are described in Section Five, Materials and Methods, of this document.

Table 4. Attributes of the shapefile imnavait_grid_veg.shp

Attributes
veg_code: vegetation numerical code
name_long: long description of code
descry: short description of code

 

Table 5. Attribute in the shapefile imnavait_area_veg.shp

Attribute
PRI_VEG: short description of code

 

Table 6. Attributes of the shapefiles imnavait_grid_surfgeomorphology.shp and imnavait_area_surfgeom.shp

Attributes
ic5c_surfg: Surficial geomorphology
FIRST_ic5c: Surficial geomorphology

 

Table 7. Attribute of the shapefiles imnavait_grid_surfgeology.shp and imnavait_area_surfgeol.shp

Attribute
PRI_SGEOL: Primary Surficial Geology

 

Table 8. Attribute of the shapefile imnavait_grid_contours.shp

Attribute
CONTOUR: Elevation in meters

 

Table 9. Attributes of the shapefile imnavait_grid_geobotanical.shp

Attributes
PRI_VEG,  SEC_VEG, TER_VEG: primary, secondary, and tertiary vegetation
PRI_SGEOL: Primary Surficial Geology
PRI_SGEOM, SEC_SGEOM: Primary Surficial Geomorphology and Secondary Surficial Geomorphology
GLAC_GEOL: Glacial Geology

 

Table 10. Attributes of the shapefile  imnavait_area_geobotany.shp 

Attributes
PRI_VEG, SEC_VEG, TER_VEG: Primary Vegetation, Secondary Vegetation, and Tertiary Vegetation
LANDFORM: Landforms
PRI_SGEOL, SEC_SGEOL: Primary Vegetation, Secondary Vegetation, and Tertiary Vegetation
GLAC_GEOL: Glacial Geology
SOIL_COMPL: Soil complex
SOIL_CARBO: Soil carbon
PERCENT_WA: Percent water
PRI_SGEOM, SEC_SGEOM: Glacial Geology

 

Table 11. Attribute of the shapefile imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp

Attribute
GLAC_GEOL: Glacial geology

 

Table 12. Attribute of the shapefile imnavait_area_landform.shp

Attribute
LANDFORM: Landforms

 

Table 13.Attribute of the shapefile imnavait_area_pctwtr.shp

Attribute
PERCENT_WA: Percent water

 

Table 14. Extents of the shapefiles

Filename North South East West
imnavait_grid_contours.shp 68.618311 68.607575 -149.296518 -149.325649
imnavait_grid_geobotanical.shp 68.617251 68.608711 -149.300906 -149.318705
imnavait_grid_surfgeology.shp 68.617251 68.608711 -149.300906 -149.318705
imnavait_grid_surfgeomorphology.shp 68.617251 68.608711 -149.300906 -149.318705
imnavait_grid_veg.shp 68.617251 68.608711 -149.300906 -149.318705
imnavait_area_pctwtr.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_landform.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_surfgeom.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_surfgeol.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_geobotany.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888
imnavait_area_veg.shp 68.632095 68.589011 -149.258261 -149.375888

 

Application and Derivation

These data provide a historical baseline for studies of climate change impacts in Alaskan ecosystems.

Quality Assessment

The maps were devised from several data sources. Refer to Walker et al. (2008) for additional information.

Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods

Site description

The Imnavait Creek vegetation area is located near the center of the Upper Kuparuk River region, east of Toolik Lake. It encloses a 20-km^2 area south of the Dalton Highway that includes both Imnavait Creek and the Toolik River in the center and stretches from the Kuparuk River on the west to the headwaters of Oksrukuyik Creek on the east. It includes the experimental areas around Imnavait Creek and the ridges that run north to south between the drainages. The area contains surfaces with irregular topography that were glaciated during the mid-Pleistocene.

During August 1984 and August-September 1985, environmental, soil, and vegetation data were collected from 84 study plots at the Imnavait Creek research site. These data are provided in a related data set archived at the ORNL DAAC.

The Imnavait 1-km grid is mapped in more detail and is the area that has been investigated and been the subject of experimentation by numerous researchers based at the Toolik Research Station.

 

Data Attribute Descriptions and Codes

The data provided in the shapefiles with this data set include attributes from individual maps, including gridded maps, of the Imnavait Creek area. These attributes are described below and include vegetation, percent water, glacial geology, soil carbon, DEM, and surficial geology and geomorphology. Unless otherwise noted, the attributes are in both the area and grid files.

 

Vegetation

The vegetation map portrays the physiognomy of the dominant plant communities in each mapped polygon. Fifty-one landcover types were recognized in the field (minimum mapping unit approximately 250 m^2). These were later grouped into the 14 physiognomic vegetation units on the map, which correspond to the same units on the 1:63,360-scale map of the upper Kuparuk River region (Walker & Maier 2008).

Table 15. Codes and descriptions in the files imnavait_area_veg.shp and imnavait_grid_veg.shp

  Attribute: Primary Vegetation
Codes Description
10 Water
21 Forb or graminoid marsh
31 Wet sedge moss tundra(fen) - Caraqu/Eriang aquatic
32 Wet sedge moss tundra (poor fen)- Carrot-Erisch
33 Wet sedge moss tundra (poor fen – Carcho)
41 Forb or graminoid marsh - Spahyp-Hipvul
211 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen- Caraqu/Eriang/Drerev)
212 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen- Carrot/Carrar)
213 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen– Eriang)
241 Wet sedge moss tundra (poor fen - Erisch/Carrar)
242 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen- Caraqu-Salfus)
243 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen- Caraqu-Salcha)
251 Low to tall shrublands - Salpul-Eriang
411 Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Carbig-Dryint
412 Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra -Carbig-Leddec
421 Tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss -Erivag-Leddec
431 Tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss - Erivag-Leddec/Salpul and Betnan
441 Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Carbig-Leddec/Salpul and Betnan
451 Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Hylspl
452 Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra -Salrot-Saxriv
453 Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Vaculi
461 Dwarf- to low-shrub sedge moss tundra - Betnan-Rubcha
471 Dwarf- to low-shrub sedge moss tundra - Betnan-Vaculi
472 Low to tall shrublands - Salpul (closed low shrub)
481 Low to tall shrublands - Salpul (closed canopy riparian shrubland)
482 Low to tall shrublands - Salpul-Calcan (open canopy low shrub)
611 Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Geugla
612 Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (nonacidic) - Vaculi-Arcalp
613 Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (acidic) - Salphl-Dialap
671 Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (nonacidic) - Dryoct-Smecal
672 Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (acidic) - Dryoct-Vacvit
681 Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Fesalt-Carmic
821 Lichens on rocks - Rhigeo-Umbisp
831 Partially vegetated barrens - Fesrub-Poagla
991 Barren

 

Surficial Geomorphology

The surfaces of the landscapes in the Imnavait Creek area have been modified by a variety of geomorphological processes including alluviation (movement of material by water), colluviation (movement of material by gravity), and periglacial processes (freezing and permafrost-related phenomena). Common surficial geomorphological features within the mapped area include frost scars, turf hummocks, gelifluction lobes and terraces, water tracks, high- and low-centered ice-wedge polygons, wetland features and thermokarst features.

Table 16. Codes and descriptions used for the attributes of the shapefiles imnavait_grid_surfgeomorphology.shp and imnavait_area_surfgeom.shp

  Attributes: Surficial geomorphology-numerical surficial geomorphology code
Codes Description
ic5c_surfg and FIRST_ic5c Surficial geomorphology-numerical surficial geomorphology code. Includes a layer file
1 High-centered polygons
6 Frost scars
7 Strangmoor or aligned hummocks in bogs
8 Hummocky terrain
10 Featureless
13 Active floodplain alluvium  
14 Thermokarst pits  
15 Well defined hill-slope water tracks greater than 1-m relief  
16 Weakly defined hill-slope water tracks less than 1-m relief  
17 Incised stream drainage
18 Nonsorted stone stripes  
21 Rocky terrain (till and bedrock)   
22 Palsas and elevated terrain in basin colluvium (excluding high-centered polygons)  
23 Pond complex  
24 Blockfields and sorted stone stripes  
25 Irregular relief associated with stream drainage
26 Gelifluction features  
98 Disturbed
99 Water

 

Surficial Geology

Surficial geology affects vegetation patterns and disturbance recovery rates. The attributes below are for the Imnavait Creek area and grid.

Table 17. Codes and descriptions of the attributes in the shapefiles imnavait_grid_surfgeology.shp and imnavait_area_surfgeol.shp.

  Attribute: Primary Surficial Geology  
Code Description
240 Sandstone and shale
330 Hillslope deposits (undifferentiated retransported deposits)
340 Basin colluvium  
400 Nonmeander floodplain  
420  Alluvial fan
440 Nonmeander floodplain  
450 Meander floodplain   
500 Hillslope deposits (undifferentiated retransported deposits)
650 Till sheet   
711 Glaciofluvial outwash
810 Emergent lake bottom
890 Basin colluvium  
980 Road or excavation   
991 Stream/river  
992 Pond/lake

 

Contours

Elevation of the research area grid.

Table 18. Attributes of the shapefile imnavait_grid_contours.shp

  Attribute: Contour
Code Description
Not Applicable Elevation in meters

 

Geobotanical

The geobotanical map is a vector map (shp) with fields for vegetation, surficial geomorphology, surficial geology, and glacial geology.

There are seven attributes in this data file described below.

Table 19. Codes and descriptions of the seven attributes in the imnavait_grid_geobotanical.shp.

  Attributes: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Vegetation
Code Description
0 Primary vegetation. No secondary or tertiary type (SEC_SGEOM and TER_SGEOM only)
1 Arctous alpina-Hierochloe alpina
2 Salix phlebophylls-Vaccinium vitis-idaea
3 Vaccinium vitis-idaea-Cetraria richardsonii
4  Calamagrostis inexpansa-Vaccinium vitis-idaea
5 Cassiope tetragona-Calamagrostis inexpansa
6 Betula nana-Hierochloe alpinum
7 Dry lichen barren. Lichen communities on rocks, including Cetraria nigricans-Rhizocarpon geographicum.
8 Dry rush, forb lichen barren,usually on frost scars. Juncus biglumis-Luzula arctica.
9 Cassiope tetragona-Carex macrochaeta
10 Eriophorum vaginatum-Sphagnum rubellum
11 Carex bigelowii-Sphagnum rubellum
12 Betula nana-Eriophorum vaginatum
13 Salix pulchra-Carex bigelowii
14 Cassiope tetragona-Carex bigelowii
15 Betula nana-Rubus chamaemorus. Dwarf-shrub variant
16 Salix pulchra (low shrub)-Sphagnum rubellum
17 Salix pulchra (dwarf shrub)-Sphagnum rubellum
18 Arctagrostis latifolia-Bistorta plumose
19 Arctagrostis latifolia-Salix chamissonis
20 Carex rotundata-Sphagnum lindbergii
21 Eriophorum angustifolium
22 Eriophorum angustifolium
23 Salix fuscescens-Sphagnum lenense
24 Carex aquatilis-Sphagnum lenense.
25 Carex aquatilis-Salix chamissonis
26 Eriophorum angustifolium-Salix pulchra
27 Carex aquatilis-Eriophorum angustifolium
28  Eriophorum scheuchzeri-Sphagnum orientale
29 Sparganium hyperboreum-Hippuris vulgaris
30 Calliergon giganteum-Drepanocladus revolvens
31 Water
32 Barren roads and pads; unvegetated.
33 Partially vegetated disturbed barrens on gravel pads, bulldozed areas.
34 Experimental structure (boardwalk, etc.)
   
  Attribute: Primary Surficial Geology- refer to the code descriptions under Surficial Geology in the attribute descriptions table  for the file  imnavait_grid_surfgeology.shp
   
  Attributes: Primary Surficial Geomorphology and Secondary Surficial Geomorphology-refer to  Surficial Geomorphology and the codes and descriptions for the attribute in the file imnavait_grid_surfgeomorphology
   
  Attribute: Glacial Geology-refer to the code description under Glacial Geology for the file imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp

 

Geobotany

Geobotanical features of the Imnavait Creek area.

Table 20. Codes and descriptions in the data file imnavait_area_geobotany.shp. There are 12 attributes in this data file described in the tables below.

  Attributes: Primary Vegetation, Secondary Vegetation, and Tertiary Vegetation
Code Description
10  Water
21  Forb or graminoid marsh
31 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen) - Caraqu/Eriang aquatic
32  Wet sedge moss tundra, poor fen  - Carrot-Erisch
33  Wet sedge moss tundra, poor fen – Carcho
41  Forb or graminoid marsh - Spahyp-Hipvul
211 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen - Caraqu/Eriang/Drerev)
212  Wet sedge moss tundra (fen - Carrot/Carrar)
213 Wet sedge moss tundra (fen – Eriang)
241  Wet sedge moss tundra (poor fen - Erisch/Carrar)
242  Wet sedge moss tundra (fen - Caraqu-Salfus)
243  Wet sedge moss tundra (fen) - Caraqu-Salcha)
251  Low to tall shrublands - Salpul-Eriang
411  Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Carbig-Dryint
412  Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra -Carbig-Leddec
421  Tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss -Erivag-Leddec
431  Tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss - Erivag-Leddec/Salpul and Betnan
441  Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Carbig-Leddec/Salpul and Betnan
451  Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Hylspl
452  Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra -Salrot-Saxriv
453  Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Vaculi
461  Dwarf- to low-shrub sedge moss tundra - Betnan-Rubcha
471  Dwarf- to low-shrub sedge moss tundra - Betnan-Vaculi
472  Low to tall shrublands - Salpul closed low shrub
481  Low to tall shrublands - Salpul closed canopy riparian shrubland
482  Low to tall shrublands - Salpul-Calcan open canopy low shrub
611  Hemi-prostrate dwarf-shrub fruticose-lichen tundra - Castet-Geugla
612  Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (nonacidic - Vaculi-Arcalp)
613  Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (acidic - Salphl-Dialap)
671  Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (nonacidic - Dryoct-Smecal)
672  Prostrate dwarf-shrub sedge forb fruticose-lichen tundra (acidic - Dryoct-Vacvit)
681  Non-tussock sedge dwarf-shrub moss tundra - Fesalt-Carmic
821  Lichens on rocks - Rhigeo-Umbisp
831  Partially vegetated barrens - Fesrub-Poagla
991  Barren
   
  Attribute: Landforms-refer to the code descriptions in the file imnavait_area_landforms.shp
   
  Attribute: Primary Surficial Geology- refer to the code descriptions under Surficial Geology in the attribute descriptions table  for the file  imnavait_grid_surfgeology.shp
   
  Attribute: Glacial Geology- Refer to the attribute code description for the file imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp
   
Not Applicable Attribute: Soil Carbon-Soil Carbon: kg carbon / m^2
   
  Attribute: Soil Complex  
Code Description
1  Water
2  Disturbed
3  River alluvium
4  Blockfield
11  Dry acidic soil complex
12  Dry non acidic soil complex
13  Acidic snowbed soil complex
14  Nonacidic snowbed soil complex
15  Dry acidic frost-scar soil complex
16  Dry nonacidic frost--scar soil complex
17  Dry high-centered polygon soil complex
18  Zoogenic soil complex
21  Active alluvium
22  Stabilized floodplain soil complex
23  Acidic water-track soil complex
24  Nonacidic water-track soil complex
31  Bog and poor-fen soil complex
32  Rich-fen soil complex
33  Palsas and high-centered polygon soil complex
34  Marsh and pond soil complex
41  Acidic nonsorted -stripe soil complex
42  Nonacidic nonsorted-stripe soil complex
43  Moist acidic frost-scar soil complex
44  Moist nonacidic frost-scar soil complex
45  Acidic hillslope soil complex
46  Nonacidic hillslope soil complex
   
  Attribute: Percent Water-refer to the codes and description in the file imnavait_area_pctwtr.shp
   
  Attributes: Primary Surficial Geomorphology and Secondary Surficial Geomorphology-refer to the attribute code descriptions in the file imnavait_grid_geobotanical.shp  

 

Glacial Geology

The glacial geology of the region affects a wide variety of landscape and ecosystem properties including topography, abundance of lakes, plant production, soil carbon, spectral reflectance, biodiversity, trace-gas fluxes and heat flux of the landscape. Glacial deposits are assigned to Itkillik I (late Pleistocene, about 120-150 kya) and Itkillik II (late Pleistocene, about 25-11.5 kya) glaciations of the central Brooks Range glacial succession.

Table 21. Codes and descriptions of the attribute found in the file imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp

  Attribute: Glacial Geology (also pertains to the same attributes in the file imnavait_area_glacgeol.shp)
Code Description
1 Drift of Sagavanirktok River, undifferentiated
2 Ice-rich silt deposits and colluvial basins
3 Drift of Itkillik Phase I
4 Hummocky terrain
5 Drift of Sagavanirktok River, late advance
6 Outwash of Sagavanirktok River, late advance
7 Bedrock
8 Undifferentiated alluvium

 

Landforms

Landforms surrounding the Imnavait Creek study area.

Table 22. Codes and descriptions for the attribute in the file imnavait_area_landform.shp

  Attribute: Landforms
Code Description
1 Distinct drained lake basin
2 Colluvial basin
5 Hill slope
6 Hill crest
12 Active floodplain
14 Stabilized floodplain
15 Small stream drainage including water tracks
20 Bluff
21 Alluvial fan
26 Glaciofluvial outwash plain
51 Lake or pond
52 River or stream
98 Disturbed

 

Percent Water

The amount of water (lakes, ponds, streams, wetlands), strongly affects the reflectance of the land surface over large areas of Alaska. The percent water was based on the number of AVHRR water pixels in each polygon divided by the number of pixels in each polygon.

Table 23. Codes and descriptions for the attributes in the file imnavait_area_pctwtr.shp

  Attribute: Percent Water
Code Description
1  0 –5 %
2  6 –30 %
3  31 –60 %,
4  61 –90 %
5  91 –100 %

 

 

Data Access

These data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).

Pre-ABoVE: Vegetation Types and Physiographic Features, Imnavait Creek, Alaska

Contact for Data Center Access Information:

References

Walker, D.A. and H.A. Maier. 2008. Vegetation in the vicinity of the Toolik Field Station, Alaska. Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Biological Papers of the University of Alaska #28.