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CMS: Land Cover Projections (5.6-km) from GCAM v3.1 for Conterminous USA, 2005-2095

Data Set Overview

Data setCMS: Land Cover Projections (5.6-km) from GCAM v3.1 for Conterminous USA, 2005-2095
Release date2014-05-02
ProjectCarbon Monitoring System (CMS)
Time Period2005-01-01 to 2095-12-31


The data provided are annual land cover projections for years 2005 through 2095 generated by the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Version 3.1. For the conterminous USA, the GCAM global gridded results were downscaled to ~5.6 km (0.05 degree) resolution. For each 5.6 x 5.6 km area, the annual land cover percentage comprised by each of the nineteen different land cover classes/plant functional types (PFTs) of the Community Land Model (CLM) (Table 1) are provided. Results are reported for GCAM runs of three scenarios of future human efforts towards climate mitigation as related to global carbon emissions, radiative forcing, and land cover change. Specific scenario conditions were 1) a reference scenario with no explicit climate mitigation efforts that reaches a radiative forcing level of over 7 W/m2 in 2100, 2) the 2.6 mitigation pathway (MP) scenario which is a very low emission scenario with a mid-century peak in radiative forcing at ~3 W/m2, declining to 2.6 W/m2 in 2100, and 3) the 4.5 MP scenario which stabilizes radiative forcing at 4.5 W/m2 (~ 650 ppm CO2-equivalent) before 2100. These downscaled land cover projections can be used to derive spatially explicit estimates of potential shifts in croplands, grasslands, shrub lands, and forest lands in each future climate scenario. Data are presented as three NetCDF v4 files (.nc4), one for each future climate scenario -- 2.6 MP, 4.5 MP, and GCAM reference).


Data set reference document


West, T.O. and Le Page, Y. 2014. CMS: Land Cover Projections (5.6-km) from GCAM v3.1 for Conterminous USA, 2005-2095. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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Carbon Monitoring System (CMS): The NASA Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) is designed to make significant contributions in characterizing, quantifying, understanding, and predicting the evolution of global carbon sources and sinks through improved monitoring of carbon stocks and fluxes. The System will use the full range of NASA satellite observations and modeling/analysis capabilities to establish the accuracy, quantitative uncertainties, and utility of products for supporting national and international policy, regulatory, and management activities. CMS will maintain a global emphasis while providing finer scale regional information, utilizing space-based and surface-based data and will rapidly initiate generation and distribution of products both for user evaluation and to inform near-term policy development and planning.

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Companion Files

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  • GCAM_Land_Cover_2005-2095.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
GCAM_2p6_2005_2095.nc4 1925.8 MB 2005-01-01 - 2095-12-31
GCAM_4p5_2005_2095.nc4 1925.8 MB 2005-01-01 - 2095-12-31
GCAM_ref_2005_2095.nc4 1925.8 MB 2005-01-01 - 2095-12-31


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