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LBA-ECO ND-11 Litter Decomposition, Carbon, and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agroforestry

Data Set Overview

Data setLBA-ECO ND-11 Litter Decomposition, Carbon, and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agroforestry
DOI10.3334/ORNLDAAC/915
Release date2009-03-31
ProjectLarge Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere
Time Period2002-07-11

Description

This data set contains the results of an experiment to determine litter decomposition and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen release from plant litter of differing qualities which occur in combination in agroforestry systems. Reported in five ASCII files are (1) the initial values of soil and plant litter macronutrients, nitrogen; and carbon contents; (2) descriptions of the various experimental treatments; and (3) the final nitrogen and carbon composition of the plant litter and soil and calculated releases from the litter. The study was conducted at the Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria-Centro da Pesquisa Agroflorestal (EMBRAPA-CPAA) experimental station located north of Manaus on the BR 174 highway in the central Amazon Basin. The experimental plot, located in an open grassy field, was selected based on low, homogeneous soil C and nutrient contents, minimal prior disturbance, and no previous fertilizer application. The soil was a degraded typic Hapludox with the following soil properties for the upper 0-3 cm: pH in water of 5.05, 1.3 mg N/g, 18.0 mg C/g (automatic CN Analyzer, Elementar), 2.05 mg P/kg, 55.0 mg K/kg (Mehlich-1 extractable), 11.7 mg Ca/kg, and 4.6 mg Mg/kg (KCl extractable). The experiment was conducted in the field in small plots with treatments that vary in the ratio of plant litter of two plants: gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth. ex Walp.) and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum). Soil and litter samples were collected prior to and during the experiment. Resin bags were used to retain mineral nitrogen released from the plant litter.

Documentation

Data set reference document

Citation

Schwendener, C.M., J. Lehmann, P.B. de Camargo, R.C.C. Luizao, and E.C.M. Fernandes. 2009. LBA-ECO ND-11 Litter Decomposition, Carbon, and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agroforestry. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/915
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Project

Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere : The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) is an intensive scientific investigation of the tropical rainforest of Brazil and portions of adjacent countries. Like FIFE and BOREAS, this project uses intensive remote-sensing techniques and ground-based experiments to investigate the atmosphere-biosphere-hydrosphere dynamics of this large tropical region. The LBA Project encompasses several scientific disciplines, or components. The LBA-ECO component focuses on the question: "How do tropical forest conversion, regrowth, and selective logging influence carbon storage, nutrient dynamics, trace gas fluxes, and the prospect for sustainable land use in Amazonia?"

Project data set list for Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere .

Companion Files

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  • ND11_Nitrogen_Transfer_Leaf_Litter.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
file4_15N_soil.csv 19.2 KB 2002-07-11 - 2002-10-15
file5_15N_litter.csv 33.4 KB 2002-07-11 - 2002-10-15
file2_litter_initial.csv 472 B 2002-07-11 - 2002-10-15
file3_treatment_details.csv 1.1 KB 2002-07-11 - 2002-10-15
file1_soil_initial.csv 1.7 KB 2002-07-11 - 2002-10-15

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Files related to this data set have been downloaded on 107 occasions since 2009-03-25, totaling 256 files.