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NPP Tundra: Toolik Lake, Alaska, 1982, R1

Data Set Overview

Data setNPP Tundra: Toolik Lake, Alaska, 1982, R1
DOI10.3334/ORNLDAAC/581
Release date2013-08-28
ProjectNet Primary Productivity (NPP)
Time Period1982-01-01

Description

This data set contains one text file (.csv format) that provides productivity data for four contrasting tundra vegetation types studied during 1982 near Toolik Lake in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range on the North Slope of Alaska (68.63 N 149.72 W). The vegetation types include a "tussock" tundra containing graminoids, deciduous shrubs, and evergreen shrubs; a "shrub" tundra dominated by deciduous willow shrubs; a "heath" tundra of evergreen shrubs; and a "wet" tundra site containing rhizomatous graminoids. The study sites were selected to represent extreme examples of the wide range of local plant growth forms in the region. Living above- and below-ground biomass were sampled on three occasions during the growing season using randomly located quadrats ranging in size from 10 cm x 20 cm to 50 cm x 50 cm. Production and biomass of most tissues were determined by harvest methods, with additional separate determinations of stem secondary growth and below-ground rhizome growth as components of net primary production (NPP). Elemental content of above-ground samples was analyzed. Production, biomass, and elemental content of roots were not determined. Leaf area index (LAI) was measured using a LI-COR leaf area meter. NPP, excluding fine roots, was estimated at 37, 99, 278, and 475 g/m2/year, at the heath, wet, tussock, and shrub sites, respectively. Inclusion of estimated production by roots increased these NPP figures to 140, 200, 430, and 780 g/m2/year, respectively. Leaf area index was similarly ranked.

Documentation

Data set reference document

Citation

Shaver, G.R. 2013. NPP Tundra: Toolik Lake, Alaska, 1982, R1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/581
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Project

Net Primary Productivity (NPP): NPP (net primary production) data from existing field measurements are being compiled for approximately 100 study sites covering several major world ecosystem types. These data are used by global change modelers to develop and validate models of vegetation-soil-atmosphere interactions within the global carbon cycle and to help calibrate remote sensing of vegetation worldwide

Project data set list for Net Primary Productivity (NPP).

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  • NPP_TLK.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
tlk_npp_r1.csv 1.6 KB 1982-01-01 - 1982-12-31

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Files related to this data set have been downloaded on 185 occasions since 2007-12-06, totaling 562 files.