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Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990


DatasetGlobal Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990
Release date2016-08-16
Time period1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31

Usage Metrics

CountEarliest DateLatest DateData Usage
Citations520002013Publications citing this dataset
Downloads3922007-12-062017-11-304251 total files downloaded


This data set contains monthly temperature, precipitation, sea-level pressure, and station-pressure data for thousands of meteorological stations worldwide. The database was compiled from pre-existing national, regional, and global collections of data as part of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) project, the goal of which is to produce, maintain, and make available a comprehensive global surface baseline climate data set for monitoring climate and detecting climate change. It contains data from roughly 6000 temperature stations, 7500 precipitation stations, 1800 sea level pressure stations, and 1800 station pressure stations. Each station has at least 10 years of data, 40% have more than 50 years of data. Spatial coverage is good over most of the globe, particularly for the United States and Europe. Data gaps are evident over the Amazon rainforest, the Sahara Desert, Greenland, and Antarctica.

Dataset documentation


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Crosscite Citation Formatter
Vose, R.S., R.L. Schmoyer, P.M. Steurer, T.C. Peterson, R. Heim, T.R. Karl, and J.K. Eischeid. 2016. Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.

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Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates 1.5MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31 1.2MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31 10.9MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31 6.1MB 1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31

Companion Files

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Dataset has 18 companion files.

  • flag.for
  • press.sta.statinv
  • ndp041.txt
  • cocodes.f2
  • temp.statinv
  • press.sea.statinv
  • cocodes.f1
  • temp.flag.Z
  • data.for
  • CDIAC_NDP41.pdf
  • precip.flag.Z
  • precip.statinv
  • press.sta.flag.Z
  • invent.for
  • press.sea.flag.Z

Dataset has 1 browse image file.