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Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990

Data Set Overview

Data setGlobal Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990
Release date2016-08-16
ProjectClimate Collections
Time Period1753-01-01 to 1990-12-31


This data set contains monthly temperature, precipitation, sea-level pressure, and station-pressure data for thousands of meteorological stations worldwide. The database was compiled from pre-existing national, regional, and global collections of data as part of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) project, the goal of which is to produce, maintain, and make available a comprehensive global surface baseline climate data set for monitoring climate and detecting climate change. It contains data from roughly 6000 temperature stations, 7500 precipitation stations, 1800 sea level pressure stations, and 1800 station pressure stations. Each station has at least 10 years of data, 40% have more than 50 years of data. Spatial coverage is good over most of the globe, particularly for the United States and Europe. Data gaps are evident over the Amazon rainforest, the Sahara Desert, Greenland, and Antarctica.


Data set reference document


Vose, R.S., R.L. Schmoyer, P.M. Steurer, T.C. Peterson, R. Heim, T.R. Karl, and J.K. Eischeid. 2016. Global Historical Climatology Network, 1753-1990. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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Climate Collections: The ORNL DAAC compiles, archives, and distributes data on temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and cloud cover. These data are either station or gridded data.

Project data set list for Climate Collections.

Companion Files

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  • flag.for
  • press.sta.statinv
  • ndp041.txt
  • cocodes.f2
  • ndp041_precip.gif
  • temp.statinv
  • press.sea.statinv
  • cocodes.f1
  • temp.flag.Z
  • data.for
  • CDIAC_NDP41.pdf
  • precip.flag.Z
  • precip.statinv
  • press.sta.flag.Z
  • invent.for
  • press.sea.flag.Z

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates 1.5 MB 1753-01-01 - 1990-12-31 1.2 MB 1753-01-01 - 1990-12-31 10.9 MB 1753-01-01 - 1990-12-31 6.1 MB 1753-01-01 - 1990-12-31


Publications using this data set

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Files related to this data set have been downloaded on 367 occasions since 2007-12-06, totaling 3886 files.