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NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972, R1

Data Set Overview

Data setNPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972, R1
Release date2013-09-15
ProjectNet Primary Productivity (NPP)
Time Period1945-01-01 to 1997-12-31


This data set contains one NPP data file and two climate data files (ASCII .txt format). The NPP file contains above- and below- ground biomass, litterfall, standing litter crop, and nutrient content data for a moist semi-deciduous secondary tropical forest at the Kade Agricultural Research Station (6.15 N 0.92 W), Ghana, spanning several collections periods between 1957 and 1972. Climate data come from weather stations at Kade near the study site (1958-1997) and at Kumasi near Kade (1945-1990). The Kade study site is typical of an old secondary forest which has probably not been cultivated or harvested since around 1915-1925. Tree basal area measured in 1957 was quite high at 33.7 m2/ha; measurements in 1968 of a plot a few hundred meters away gave 30.6 m2/ha. Detailed above- and below-ground biomass data are provided from a single clear-felling made in 1957. Nutrient content for lianas, leaves and twigs, branches, large wood, standing dead wood, stumps, litter, and roots is also provided. Total live + dead biomass was 36,102 g/m2, of which 5,414 g/m2 (15%) was below-ground live biomass and 23,568 g/m2 was above-ground live biomass. Monthly litterfall is available for 26 months (1970-72). Total annual NPP was estimated in the late 1950s at about 2,400 g/m2/year based on litterfall of 1,054 g/m2/year plus rough estimates of timber fall (1,070-1,121 g/m2/year) and root production (258 g/m2/year). In the 1970s, NPP was recalculated at 2,200-2,500 g/m2/year based on additional measurements of litter, wood fall, and decomposition.


Data set reference document


Nye, P.H., and D.J. Greenland. 2013. NPP Tropical Forest: Kade, Ghana, 1957-1972, R1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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Net Primary Productivity (NPP): NPP (net primary production) data from existing field measurements are being compiled for approximately 100 study sites covering several major world ecosystem types. These data are used by global change modelers to develop and validate models of vegetation-soil-atmosphere interactions within the global carbon cycle and to help calibrate remote sensing of vegetation worldwide

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Companion Files

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  • NPP_KDE.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
kde2_cli.txt 18.4 KB 1945-01-01 - 1990-12-31
kde1_cli.txt 3.8 KB 1958-01-01 - 1997-12-31
kde_npp.txt 10.8 KB 1957-01-01 - 1972-06-30


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