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NPP Grassland: Kurukshetra, India, 1970-1971, R1

Data Set Overview

Data setNPP Grassland: Kurukshetra, India, 1970-1971, R1
Release date2014-08-19
ProjectNet Primary Productivity (NPP)
Time Period1876-01-01 to 1971-12-31


This data set contains two ASCII files (.txt format). One file contains above- and below-ground biomass (including standing dead material and litter) and productivity data for a tropical grassland at Kurukshetra University (29.97 N, 76.85 E, Elevation 247 m) in northern India, about 150-km north-northwest of Delhi. The second file contains climate data from a weather station located at the study site. Biomass measurements were made monthly by harvest methods from mid-May 1970 to mid-May 1971. Annual net primary productivity (NPP) was calculated for the grassland according to several methods, with preference shown for the estimate given by summing positive increases in biomass and accounting for mortality. Total NPP was estimated at 3,538 g/m2/yr, with above-ground net primary productivity (ANPP) of 2,407 g/m2/yr and below-ground net primary productivity (BNPP) of 1,131 g/m2/yr. Seasonal changes in the vegetation were studied through tiller analysis. Examination of vertical distribution of above-ground biomass showed that different layers of vegetation were dominated by different species in different months. ANPP was maximum during the rainy season (1,706 g/m2) and BNPP was maximum during the dry winter season (785 g/m2). Production was more directed above ground during the rainy season and below ground during the dry season. Apparent efficiency of energy conversion was calculated at 1.66% on the basis of 50% total solar radiation.


Data set reference document


Singh, J.S., and P.S. Yadava. 2014. NPP Grassland: Kurukshetra, India, 1970-1971, R1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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Net Primary Productivity (NPP): NPP (net primary production) data from existing field measurements are being compiled for approximately 100 study sites covering several major world ecosystem types. These data are used by global change modelers to develop and validate models of vegetation-soil-atmosphere interactions within the global carbon cycle and to help calibrate remote sensing of vegetation worldwide

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Companion Files

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  • NPP_KRK.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
krk_cli.txt 26.1 KB 1876-01-01 - 1971-12-31
krk_npp.txt 1.7 KB 1970-05-15 - 1971-05-15


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