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NPP Grassland: Tumentsogt, Mongolia, 1982-1990, R1

Data Set Overview

Data setNPP Grassland: Tumentsogt, Mongolia, 1982-1990, R1
Release date2015-05-26
ProjectNet Primary Productivity (NPP)
Time Period1966-01-01 to 1990-08-30


This data set provides two data files in text format (.txt). One file contains tri-monthly measurements of above-ground biomass made during the growing season between July 1982 and August 1990 on a dry, cold Eurasian steppe dominated by Stipa grandis at the Tumentsogt Research Station in Mongolia. The second file contains monthly and annual climate data recorded at the study site from 1963 through 1983. Mongolian steppes occupy a major part of eastern Mongolia and northern China and are characterized climatically by low mean annual rainfall and temperature, with a highly seasonal pattern in both. The beginning of spring rainfall and warming are strongly correlated, and the onset of the growing season rainfall triggers the green-up in the region. Land use is dominated by grazing, historically by nomadic pastoralists and more recently for cooperative livestock production. Privatization of grazing land and cropland conversions have been increasing since 1990. Ecosystem degradation such as deterioration of vegetation (e.g., vegetation removal and replacement) and soil (e.g., erosion) is becoming widespread. Peak above-ground biomass at Tumentsogt occurs during a short rainy season (June-August). The amount of biomass fluctuates from year-to-year coherently with rainfall variation. Above-ground net primaryp roductivity (ANPP) estimates are relatively low in comparison to other temperate grasslands, ranging from 72 to 160 g/m2/yr. Revision Notes: Only the documentation for this data set has been modified. The data files have been checked for accuracy and are identical to those originally published in 1996.


Data set reference document


Togtohyn, C., and D.S. Ojima. 2015. NPP Grassland: Tumentsogt, Mongolia, 1982-1990, R1 . ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
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Net Primary Productivity (NPP): NPP (net primary production) data from existing field measurements are being compiled for approximately 100 study sites covering several major world ecosystem types. These data are used by global change modelers to develop and validate models of vegetation-soil-atmosphere interactions within the global carbon cycle and to help calibrate remote sensing of vegetation worldwide

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Companion Files

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  • NPP_TMN.pdf

Data Files

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Data File (Granule)File SizeDates
tmn_npp.txt 3.8 KB 1982-07-10 - 1990-08-30
tmn_cli.txt 6.5 KB 1966-01-01 - 1990-08-30


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Files related to this data set have been downloaded on 261 occasions since 2007-12-06, totaling 932 files.