Skip to main content

DAAC Home > Get Data > Regional/Global > Vegetation Collections > Data Set Documentation
GEOECOLOGY: COUNTY-LEVEL ENVIRONMENTAL DATA FOR THE UNITED STATES, 1964-1979
Get Data

Summary:

The GEOECOLOGY Database is a compilation of environmental data for research and development needs that includes information for the period 1964 to 1979 (Olson et al. 1980). The data have been used for environmental assessment and planning for energy development requiring rapid access to data at appropriate spatial and temporal scales (Kitchings et al. 1976; Klopatek et al. 1979a, 1979b; Olson et al. 1982, 1983). The GEOECOLOGY Database contains selected data on terrain and soils, water resources, forestry, vegetation, agriculture, land use, wildlife, air quality, climate, natural areas, and endangered species. Data on selected human population characteristics are also included to complement the environmental files. Data represent the conterminous United States at the county level of resolution. These historical data are provided as a source of 1970s baseline environmental conditions for the United States.

The integrated database of diverse environmental resource information from extant sources was developed by the Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Olson et al. 1980). The GEOECOLOGY Database can be accessed by downloading the individual files as tab-delimited text (.txt) files. Sixty-six individual data sets listed below are available in the collection. Some data sets described in Olson et al. 1980 that were initially available are not included and are no longer available. County data sets have Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) numeric state and county codes that allow merging of the separate files. Some files, such as species dictionaries or point data, do not have FIPS identifiers. Data are stored in metric-SI units. The GEOECOLOGY technical memorandum (Olson et al. 1980) is provided as a PDF file; it serves as both documentation and a user's guide to the GEOECOLOGY Database, giving general information on the data set contents, source of data, and specific variable descriptions.

Data Citation:

Cite this data set as follows:

Olson, R. J., C. J. Emerson, and M. K. Nungesser. 2003. GEOECOLOGY: County-Level Environmental Data for the United States, 1964-1979. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/656.

References:

Kitchings, T., S. Anderson, and R. J. Olson. 1976. Biogeographic Information System for Animal Species in the Southeastern United States. ASB Bulletin 23(3):149-154.

Klopatek, J. M., J. T. Kitchings, R. J. Olson, K. D. Kumar, and L. K. Mann. 1979a. A hierarchical system for evaluating regional ecological resources. Biological Conservation 20(4):271-290.

Klopatek, J. M., R. J. Olson, C. J. Emerson, and J. L. Jones. 1979b. Land-use conflicts with natural vegetation in the United States. Environmental Conservation 6:191-199.

Olson, R. J., C. J. Emerson, and M. K. Nungesser. 1980. GEOECOLOGY: A County-Level Environmental Data Base for the Conterminous United States. ORNL/TM-7351. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Olson, R. J., K. D. Kumar, and R. L. Burgess. 1982. Analyses of Ecoregions Utilizing the Geoecology Data Base. pp. 149-156. In: In-Place Resource Inventories: Principles and Practices, Society of American Foresters.

Olson, R. J., J. M. Klopatek, and C. J. Emerson. 1983. Regional environmental analysis and assessment utilizing the Geoecology Data Base. pp. 102-118. In: E. Teicholz and B. J. L. Berry (eds.), Computer Graphics and Environmental Planning, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Data Format:

The following ASCII tab-delimited text data files are included in the GEOECOLOGY data set.

Abbreviations and acronyms used in the Data file contents column are defined in the GEOECOLOGY technical memorandum (Olson et al. 1980) that is provided as a PDF companion file. Please note that if a data set described in Olson et al. 1980 is not listed in this table, the data set is no longer available.

Data type / File name Data file contents Year Region Area
AGRICULTURE
A04 CROP PLANTED-HARVESTED AREAS AND YIELDS 1975 U.S. COUNTY
A04 CROP REPORTING DISTRICT INDEX 1975 U.S. COUNTY
A05 1978 CROP AREAS AND YIELDS, AG LAND USE 1978 U.S. COUNTY
BASE DATA
B01 COUNTY CODES, NAMES AND CENTROIDS 1970 U.S. COUNTY
B02 STATE NAMES AND INDICES (EPA, BBS, NOAA) 1970 U.S. STATES
B03 AIR(AQCR) AND WATER(WRC-SA) INDICES 1975 U.S. COUNTY
B08 GENERAL REGIONAL INDICES 1970-1975 U.S. COUNTY
CLIMATE
C07 MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES BY COUNTY 1941-1970 EAST COUNTY
C08 MONTHLY AVERAGE PRECIPITATION BY COUNTY 1941-1970 EAST COUNTY
C09 MONTHLY POTENTIAL EVAPORATION BY COUNTY 1941-1970 EAST COUNTY
C10 MONTHLY MOISTURE INDEX BY COUNTY 1941-1970 EAST COUNTY
C11 MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C12 MONTHLY MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C13 MONTHLY MINIMUM TEMPERATURES BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C14 MONTHLY AVERAGE PRECIPITATION BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C15 MONTHLY MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C16 MONTHLY MINIMUM PRECIPITATION BY DIVISION 1941-1970 U.S. SCD
C17 CLIMATIC DIVISION INDEX 1970 U.S. COUNTY
C18 GROWING SEASON LENGTH, FIRST/LAST FROST 1978 EAST COUNTY
C19 STATE CLIMATIC.DIVISION NAMES/WEIGHTS 1975 U.S. SCD
C20 RAINFALL PH & H ION LOADINGS 1974 EAST COUNTY
C21 INVERSION DAY PROBABILITIES U.S. COUNTY
VEGETATION
D03 POT. & ADJ. VEGETATION NATIONAL STATS 1966-1967 U.S.
D04 POT. & ADJ. VEGETATION 1966-1967 U.S. COUNTY
D05 VEGETATION-LAND USE CHANGE PROBABILITIES 1978 U.S.
D06 VEGETATION REPLACEMENT BY URBAN AREAS 1978 WEST COUNTY
D07 POT. & ADJ. ECOREGION NATIONAL STATS 1976 U.S.
D08 POT. & ADJ. ECOREGION AREAS 1976 U.S. COUNTY
D09 POT. & ADJ. VEGETATION-ECOREGION STATS 1978 U.S.
D10 POT. & ADJ. VEGETATION WITHIN ECOREGIONS 1978 U.S. COUNTY
D11 ECOREGION CODES DICTIONARY 1976 U.S.
D13 VEGETATION SENSITIVITY TO SO2 1979 U.S.
ENERGY
E04 GENERATING UTILITY REFERENCE FILE (SURF) 1981 U.S. POINTS
FORESTRY
F08 FOREST AREA, VOLUME, AND GROWTH 1965-1980 U.S. COUNTY
GENERAL
G01 DATA SET TITLES AND CHARACTERISTICS
G02 DATA SET VARIABLES AND LABELS
AIR QUALITY
K04 AIR QUALITY NONATTAINMENT AREAS (EPA) 1979 U.S. COUNTY
LAND USE
L01 LAND USE (CNI DETAILED) 1967 U.S. COUNTY
L02 LAND CAPABILITY CLASSES (CNI) 1967 U.S. COUNTY
L05 LAND SURFACE MINING 1975 U.S. COUNTY
L06 LAND RESOURCE REGION INDEX 1967 U.S. COUNTY
L07 LAND USE (CNI AGGREGATED) 1967 U.S. COUNTY
L08 LAND AREAS (RURAL,URBAN,ROADS,WATER.FED) 1979 U.S. COUNTY
MINERALS
M03 COAL RESERVES CHARACTERISTICS 1977 U.S. POINTS
M04 COAL PRODUCTION WITH PROJECTIONS 1975 U.S. COUNTY
NATURAL AREAS
N01 RARE II TRACTS 1978 U.S. POINTS
N02 NATIONAL PARK SERVICE AREAS 1979 U.S. COUNTY
N03 WILDERNESS AREAS 1978 U.S. COUNTY
N04 RARE II TRACTS BY COUNTY 1978 U.S. COUNTY
N05 RARE II TRACTS BY ECOREGION & VEG. 1978 U.S. TRACTS
N06 RARE II TRACTS ORNL RANKS 1979 U.S. TRACTS
N07 RARE II TRACTS USFS DATA 1978 U.S. TRACTS
N17 NATIONAL FOREST AREAS 1980 U.S. COUNTY
N18 NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES 1980 U.S. COUNTY
POPULATION
P01 POPULATION BY SEX AND 5 YEAR AGE CLASSES 1970 U.S. COUNTY
P03 1980 POPULATION AND HOUSING 1980, 1970 U.S. COUNTY
TERRAIN
T03 SOILS AT MAP UNIT LEVEL 1967 U.S. COUNTY
T07 SOIL ORDER, SUBORDER, MAP UNIT DICTIONRY 1967 EAST
T08 GREAT SOIL GROUPS CHARACTERISTICS 1967 EAST
T09 GREAT SOIL GROUPS WITHIN MAP UNITS 1967 EAST
T13 SOILS AT SOIL ORDER LEVEL 1967 U.S. COUNTY
T14 PHYSICAL REGIONS 1970 U.S. COUNTY
T15 PHYSICAL REGIONS DICTIONARY 1970 U.S. COUNTY
WILDLIFE
W09 ENDANGERED SPECIES CODES DICTIONARY 1977 U.S.
W10 ENDANGERED SPECIES (BNL FILE) 1977 U.S. COUNTY

Variables contained in each data file and their definitions are given in data file G02, "DATA SET VARIABLES AND LABELS."

DSN    VARIABLE    LABEL
A04    CROP    CROP NAME
A04    CROP_HRV    CROP HARVESTED AREA HA
A04    CROP_PLN    CROP PLANTED AREA HA
A04    CROP_PRD    CROP PRODUCTION FOR COUNTY KG
A04    CROP_YLD    CROP YIELD, KG PER AREA
A04    FIPS_CO    FIPS COUNTY NUMBER
A04    FIPS_ST    FIPS STATE NUMBER
A04    YEAR    1975 YEAR OF ESCS ESTIMATE

Example data records from ASCII tab-delimited text data file A04, "CROP PLANTED-HARVESTED AREAS AND YIELDS."

FIPS_ST    FIPS_CO    CROP    YEAR     CROP_PLN    CROP_HRV    CROP_PRD     CROP_YLD
01    001    CORN    75     3845    3480    12887960     3703
01    001    PEANUTS    75     0    121    326587    2699
01    001    SORGHUM    75     1376    1133    3200400     2825
01    001    SOYBEANS    75     1659    1497    1610240     1076
01    001    WHEAT    75     1538    1133    1523200     1344
01    003    CORN    75     13152    11614    45196752     3892
01    003    SORGHUM    75     931    526    1320800     2511
01    003    SOYBEANS    75     63698    62929    114199200     1815
01    003    WHEAT    75     5949    4006    4039200     1008
01    005    CORN    75     7284    6556    20574000     3138
01    005    PEANUTS    75     0    9105    21942512     2410
01    005    SORGHUM    75     243    162    304800     1881
01    005    SOYBEANS    75     1012    971    1240320     1277

Document Information:

Document Review Date:

February 27, 2003

Document Curator:

webmaster@www.daac.ornl.gov

Document URL:

http://daac.ornl.gov