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BOREAS TGB-07 RAINWATER HERBICIDE AND ORGANOCHLORINE CONCENTRATION DATA
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Summary:

The BOREAS TGB-07 team measured the concentration and flux of several agricultural pesticides in air and rainwater samples in order to determine the associated yearly deposition rates. This data set contains information on the rainwater concentration of seven herbicides [2,4-dichlorophenoxyacidic_acid (2,4-D), bromoxynil, dicamb, 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), triallate, trifluralin, and diclop-methyl] known to appear in the atmosphere of the Canadian prairies. Also, the concentration of three herbicides (atrazine, alaclor and metolachlor), two groups of insecticides (lindane and breakdown products and dichlro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) and breakdown products), and several polychlorinated biphenyls commonly used in the central United States were measured. All of these chemicals are reported, in the literature, to be transported in the atmosphere. Many have been reported to occur in boreal and arctic food chains. The sampling was carried out from June 16 to August 13, 1993 and May 4 to July 20, 1994 at the BOREAS site in the Prince Albert National Park (Waskesiu).

A guide document which includes more information about this data set can be found at http://daac.ornl.gov/boreas/TGB/tgb7rwho/comp/TGB07_Rain_Herb_Conc.txt.

ORNL DAAC maintains information on the entire BOREAS Project.

Data Citation

Cite this data set as follows:

Waite, D. T. 1998. BOREAS TGB-07 Rainwater Herbicide and Organochlorine Concentration Data. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/391.

References:

Cessna, A. J., Grover, R., Kerr, L. A. and Aldred, M.L. (1985) A multiresidue method for the analysis and verification of several herbicides in water. J. Agric. Food Chem. 33, 504-507.

Cessna, A. J., Waite, D. T. and Constable, M. (1997) Concentrations of pentachlorophenol in atmospheric samples from three Canadian locations, 1994. Bull. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol. 58, 651-658.

Grover, R., Smith, A. E. and Cessna, A. J. (1994) Fate of bromoxynil n-butyrate and iso-octanoate applied as a mixture to a wheat field. J. Environ. Qual. 23(6), 1304-1311.

Sellers, P., F. Hall. 1994. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: Experiment Plan. Version 1994-3.0, NASA BOREAS Report (EXPLAN 94).

Sellers, P., F. Hall, H. Margolis, B. Kelly, D. Baldocchi, G. den Hartog, J. Cihlar, M.G. Ryan, B. Goodison, P. Crill, K.J. Ranson, D. Lettenmaier, and D.E. Wickland. 1995. The boreal ecosystem-atmosphere study (BOREAS): an overview and early results from the 1994 field year. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 76(9):1549-1577.

Sellers, P., F. Hall, K.F. Huemmrich. 1996. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: 1994 Operations. NASA BOREAS Report (OPS DOC 94).

Sellers, P., F. Hall. 1996. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: Experiment Plan. Version 1996-2.0, NASA BOREAS Report (EXPLAN 96).

Sellers, P., F. Hall, K.F. Huemmrich. 1997. Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study: 1996 Operations. NASA BOREAS Report (OPS DOC 96).

Sellers, P.J., F.G. Hall, R.D. Kelly, A. Black, D. Baldocchi, J. Berry, M. Ryan, K.J. Ranson, P.M. Crill, D.P. Lettenmaier, H. Margolis, J. Cihlar, J. Newcomer, D. Fitzjarrald, P.G. Jarvis, S.T. Gower, D. Halliwell, D. Williams, B. Goodison, D.E. Wickland, and F.E. Guertin. (1997). "BOREAS in 1997: Experiment Overview, Scientific Results and Future Directions", Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR), BOREAS Special Issue, 102(D24), Dec. 1997, pp. 28731-28770.

Waite, D. T., A. J. Cessna, N. P. Gurprasad and J. Banner. ___. Evaluation of a new sampler for collecting separate dry and wet atmospheric depositions of trace organic chemicals. Atmos. Environ. accepted

Waite, D. T., N. P. Gurprasad, A. J. Cessna and D. V. Quiring. ____. Atmospheric pentachlorophenol concentrations in relation to air temperature at five Canadian locations. Chemosphere accepted.

Cessna, A. J.,D. T. Waite, and M. Constable. 1997. Concentrations of pentachlorophenol in atmospheric samples from three Canadian locations, 1994. Bull. Environ. Contamin. Toxicol. 58(4):651-658.

Thompson, T. S., R. G. Treble, D. T. Waite and A. J. Cessna. 1997. Identification of pentachloronitrobenzene in ambient air extracts. Bull. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 58:939-944.

Waite, D. T., N. P. Gurprasad and M. B. Constable. 1996 Concentrations of pentachlorophenol and some related compounds in seasonally collected atmospheric samples from five Canadian locations. Organohalogen Compds. 28:482-489.

Data Format:

For information on Parameter/Variable Names, Variable Description/Definition, Units of Measurement, and Data File Format see this companion file http://daac.ornl.gov/boreas/TGB/tgb7rwho/comp/tgb7rwho.def

Document Information:

09-Dec-98 (data set citation revised on 10-Sep-2002)

Document Review Date:

09-Dec-98

Document Curator:

webmaster@daac.ornl.gov

Document URL:

http://daac.ornl.gov