A comprehensive global database of forest ecosystem carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (standing biomass, leaf area index, age), and ancillary information (management regime, climate, soil characteristics) has been compiled for 528 sites. The data set includes: a Microsoft Office Access Database (Version 2003); data files for all tables in the database in *.csv format; and query outputs from the database in *.csv format.
This database facilitates the quantification of CO2 fluxes and pathways across different levels of integration (from photosynthesis to net ecosystem production) in forest ecosystems. The database fills an important gap for model calibration, model validation, and hypothesis testing at global and regional scales (Luyssaert et al. 2007).
This database is structured by site (i.e., a forest or stand of known geographical location, biome, species composition, and management regime). It contains carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (standing biomass, leaf area index, age), and ancillary information (management regime, climate, soil characteristics) for 528 sites from eight forest biomes. Data entries originated from peer-reviewed literature and personal communications with researchers involved in FLUXNET. Flux estimates were included in the database when they were based on direct measurements (e.g., tower-based eddy covariance system measurements), derived from single or multiple direct measurements, or modeled. Stand description was based on observed values, and climatic description was based on the East Anglia Climate Research Unit (CRU) data set and ORCHIDEE model output. Uncertainty for each carbon balance component in the database was estimated in a uniform way by expert judgment. Robustness of CO2 balances was tested. Unmeasured components of the carbon balance were calculated by difference to close the budgets. These closure terms provide an estimate of data quality and flux uncertainty.
Additional information about the database, methodologies used to construct it, and exported data files is found in the companion file: CO2_balances_readme.pdf.
Geographic distribution of the sites contained in the database.
Cite this data set as follows:
Luyssaert, S., I. Inglima and M. Jung. 2009. Global Forest Ecosystem Structure and Function Data for Carbon Balance Research. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov/] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/949
If you use this data set, please also cite:
Luyssaert S, I. Inglima, M. Jung et al. 2007. The CO2-balance of boreal, temperate and tropical forests derived from a global database. Global Change Biology, 13: 2509-2537.
The database archive includes three *.zip files which when expanded produce (1) a Microsoft Office Access Database (Version 2003); (2) exported files for all data tables in the database in *.csv format; and (3) exported view data (queries) from the database, in *.csv format.
Additional information about the database, methodologies used to construct it, and exported data files is found in the companion files: CO2_balances_readme.pdf and Documentation_literature_compilation_v3.1.pdf.
This data set is available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).
Web Site: http://daac.ornl.gov
Telephone: +1 (865) 241-3952
Aubinet M., A. Grelle, A. Ibrom et al. 2000. Estimates of the annual net carbon and water exchange of forests: The EUROFLUX methodology. Advances in Ecological Research, 30: 113-175.
Baldocchi, D., E. Falge, L. H. Gu, et al. 2001. FLUXNET: a new tool to study the temporal and spatial variability of ecosystem-scale carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy flux densities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82: 2415-2434.
Krinner, G., N. Viovy, N. de Noblet-Ducoudre, et al. 2005. A dynamic global vegetation model for studies of the coupled atmosphere-biosphere system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19: 1015.
Luyssaert S, I. Inglima, M. Jung et al. 2007. The CO2-balance of boreal, temperate and tropical forest derived from a global database. Global Change Biology, 13: 2509-2537.
Mitchell, T. D. and P. D. Jones. 2005. An improved method of constructing a database of monthly climate observations and associated high-resolution grids. International Journal of Climatology, 25: 693-712.
Olson, R. J., J. M. O. Scurlock, S. D. Prince, D. L. Zheng, and K. R. Johnson (eds.). 2001. NPP Multi-Biome: NPP and Driver Data for Ecosystem Model-Data Intercomparison. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/615
Papale, D., M. Reichstein, M. Aubinet, et al. 2006. Towards a standardized processing of net ecosystem exchange measured with eddy covariance technique: algorithms and uncertainty estimation. Biogeosciences, 3: 571-583.