Skip to main content

DAAC Home > Get Data > Field Campaigns > SAFARI 2000 (S2K) > Data Set Documentation
Get Data

SAFARI 2000 Land Cover from AVHRR, 1-Deg, 1987 (DeFries and Townshend)


This data set consists of a southern African subset of the University of Maryland (UMD) 1-degree Global Land Cover product. The data are in ASCII GRID and binary image formats.

The UMD 1-degree Global Land Cover product was produced by researchers at the Laboratory for Global Remote Sensing Studies (LGRSS) at UMD. The product is based on Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) maximum monthly composites for 1987 of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values at approximately 8-km resolution, averaged to one-by-one degree resolution. This coarse- resolution data set was used as the basis for a supervised classification of eleven cover types that broadly represent the major biomes of the world. Because of missing values at high latitudes, the Pathfinder AVHRR data set for 1987 for summer monthly NDVI and red reflectance values were used to distinguish the following cover types: tundra, high latitude deciduous forest and woodland, coniferous evergreen forest and woodland.

The 1-degree global land cover product is available for download from the Global Land Cover Facility (GLCF)[] web site. The data are available as a global coverage in both binary and ASCII format. Additional information and references on this data set can be found at the GLCF web site as well as at the LGRSS web site (link provided at the GLCF web site ) and in the readme file found along with the data [].

Data Citation:

Cite this data set as follows:

DeFries, R. S., and J. R. G. Townshend. 2002. SAFARI 2000 Land Cover from AVHRR, 1-Deg, 1987 (Defries and Townshend). Data set. Available on-line [] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/626.


DeFries, R. S., and J. R. G. Townshend. 1994. 1 Degree Global Land Cover Data Set Derived from AVHRR. Global Land Cover Facility, University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.

Data Format:

Information about the ASCII and binary image data formats, land cover classes, and the procedure used to create the southern African subset are in the following file:

Document Information:


Document Review Date:


Document Curator:

Document URL: