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LBA-ECO CD-04 Dendrometry, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil
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Revision date: January 13, 2011

Summary:

A dendrometry study was conducted at the logged forest tower site, km 83 site, Tapajos National Forest, Para, Brazil over a period of 4 years following the implementation of a reduced impact logging management regime. Dendrometer bands were installed to measure diameter growth increments for 234 trees in an 18 ha plot adjacent to the eddy flux tower at the km 83 site. In addition to trees randomly selected for measurements within the plot prior to logging, a set of smaller diameter trees within or adjacent to gaps created during the logging treatment were added to the study in 2002. Selective logging is a major land use in the Amazon Basin. An accurate accounting of the effect of logging on regional carbon balances requires better information on the rates at which the logged forest recovers biomass. There is one comma-delimited data file with this data set.


 band   band2

Figure 1. Dendrometer bands on trees at the km 83 study site.


block

Figure 2. The 18 ha intensive study plot at the km 83 site. Trees equipped with dendrometer bands before logging in November 2000 are shown as solid points. Gaps created by selective logging in September 2001 are shown as irregular shapes. The plot has 25 N-S transects (numbered 0 to 24) and 13 E-W transects (lettered A to M). The 65 m flux tower is indicated in block G4 (Figueira, et al., 2008).

Data Citation:

Cite this data set as follows:

Figueira, A.M.S., S.D. Miller, C.A.D. de Sousa, M.C. Menton, A.R. Maia, H.R. da Rocha, and M.L. Goulden. 2011. LBA-ECO CD-04 Dendrometry, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/989

Implementation of the LBA Data and Publication Policy by Data Users:

The LBA Data and Publication Policy [http://daac.ornl.gov/LBA/lba_data_policy.html] is in effect for a period of five (5) years from the date of archiving and should be followed by data users who have obtained LBA data sets from the ORNL DAAC. Users who download LBA data in the five years after data have been archived must contact the investigators who collected the data, per provisions 6 and 7 in the Policy.

This data set was archived in January of 2011. Users who download the data between January 2011 and December 2015 must comply with the LBA Data and Publication Policy.

Data users should use the Investigator contact information in this document to communicate with the data provider. Alternatively, the LBA Web Site [http://lba.inpa.gov.br/lba/] in Brazil will have current contact information.

Data users should use the Data Set Citation and other applicable references provided in this document to acknowledge use of the data.

Table of Contents:

1. Data Set Overview:

Project: LBA (Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in the Amazon)

Activity: LBA-ECO

LBA Science Component: Carbon Dynamics

Team ID: CD-04 (Goulden / Rocha)

The investigators were Goulden, Prof. Michael L.; Menton, Mary Catherine; Miller, Dr. Scott Dennis; Rocha, Prof. Humberto Ribeiro da; Figuera, Michela; Cleilim Albert Sousa and Maia, Augusto Rodrigues . You may contact Miller, Dr. Scott Dennis (smiller@albany.edu ) and Goulden, Dr. Michael L. (mgoulden@uci.edu) .

LBA Data Set Inventory ID: CD04_Dendrometry

Selective logging is a major land use in the Amazon Basin. An accurate accounting of the effect of logging on regional carbon balances requires better information on the rates at which the logged forest recovers biomass. Some data are available at fairly coarse temporal scales on biomass responses to logging, but there remains a need for a more mechanistic understanding of the response of tropical forests to logging. In this study we installed dendrometer bands to measure diameter growth increments for 234 trees in an 18 ha plot adjacent to the eddy flux tower at km 83, Tapajos National Forest, Para, Brazil over a period of 4 years following the implementation of a reduced impact logging management regime. In addition to trees randomly selected for measurements within the plot prior to logging, a set of smaller diameter trees with or adjacent to gaps created during the logging treatment were added to the study in 2002.

Related Data Sets

2. Data Characteristics:

Data are presented in one comma-separated ASCII file:
CD04_TNF_KM83_Dendrometer.csv

Missing data are assigned the value of -999.

Column Variable Units/format Variable description
1 GRID_BLOCK   Block within 18 ha
 sample grid east of flux tower
2 FAMILY   Tree family
3 SPECIES   Tree species
4 COMMON_NAME   Species local name
5 TAG_NUMBER   Unique tree identification
6 XLOC m Distance along the east-west axis from the block origin, in meters
7 YLOC m Distance along the north-south axis from the block origin, in meters
8 DBH_2000 cm Initial diameter (cm) at breast height (1.3 meters). For trees on transects this was measured in March 2000. For trees in the gaps this was measured in March or April of 2002
9 DIAM_320 cm Diameter at breast height (1.3 m) on day 320 (day since 2000/01/01)
10 DIAM_xxx cm Diameter at breast height (1.3 m) on day xxx (day since 2000/01/01). Repeated
11 DIAM_1823 cm Diameter at breast height (1.3 m) on day 1823 (day since 2000/01/01)
Missing values are -999

Example data record:

GRID_BLOCK,FAMILY,SPECIES,COMMON_NAME,TAG_NUMBER,XLOC,YLOC,DBH_2000,
DIAM_320,DIAM_364,DIAM_418,DIAM_459,DIAM_501,DIAM_536,DIAM_578,DIAM_634,>
DIAM_676,DIAM_718,DIAM_760,DIAM_802,DIAM_844,DIAM_886,DIAM_942,DIAM_998,
DIAM_1019,DIAM_1082,DIAM_1124,DIAM_1166,DIAM_1215,DIAM_1264,DIAM_1306,DIAM_1341,
DIAM_1383,DIAM_1429,DIAM_1481,DIAM_1531,DIAM_1579,DIAM_1622,DIAM_1656,DIAM_1726,
DIAM_1792,DIAM_1823


B05,Meliaceae,Carapa guianensis Aubl.,andiroba,217,5,7,35.5,
35.5,35.675,35.787,35.891,36.017,36.012,36.119,36.132,
36.132,36.132,36.173,36.177,36.203,36.242,36.267,36.266,
36.281,36.293,36.289,36.324,36.376,36.455,36.476,36.517,
36.55,36.613,36.701,36.786,36.791,36.79,36.81,
36.817,36.845
B05,Sapotaceae,Manilkara huberi (Ducke)Chev.,macaranduba,214,24,0,35.7,
35.7,35.752,35.835,35.876,35.912,35.926,35.929,35.943,
35.972,35.984,35.995,36.063,36.146,36.179,36.211,36.198,
36.179,36.233,36.234,36.255,36.26,36.265,36.265,36.264,
36.263,36.267,36.273,36.284,36.295,36.29,36.301,36.283,
36.273,36.244
B19,Lecythidaceae,Eschweilera coriacea (A.DC.)Mori,matamata preto, 827,14, 13,35.8,
35.8,35.831, 35.993,36.135, 36.286,36.391,36.429,36.555,
36.609,36.633,36.703,36.674,36.733,36.792,36.8,36.811,
36.897,37.0277,37.284,37.444,37.616,37.715,37.736,37.875,
38.049,38.246,38.423,38.946,38.895,38.892,38.916,39.004,
39.067,39.219

Site boundaries: (All latitude and longitude given in decimal degrees)

Site (Region) Westernmost Longitude Easternmost Longitude Northernmost Latitude Southernmost Latitude Geodetic Datum
Para Western (Santarem) - km 83 Logged Forest Tower (Para Western (Santarem)) -54.9707 -54.9707 -3.017 -3.017 World Geodetic System, 1984 (WGS-84)

Time period:

Platform/Sensor/Parameters measured include:

3. Data Application and Derivation:

The data collected as part of this data set, increments of diameter, can be used to estimate annual rates of above ground biomass productivity (Keller et al. 2001). Biometric measurements of productivity before and after logging can be compared to modeled results to refine our predictions of carbon dynamics in tropical forests under logging management.

4. Quality Assessment:

We filtered the dendrometer data for the highest quality, most continuous data. Data from trees that died during the course of the study or were removed by logging or trees where the dendrometer itself was damaged and needed to be replaced during the study were excluded from the final data presented here.

Users may note that diameter measurements for Block: L05 / Common name: cocao / Tree_tag: 249 shows a somewhat erratic pattern of increases and decreases. These measurements were checked against the log books and verified as actual measurements and therefore were not removed from the data file.

5. Data Acquisition Materials and Methods:

This work was done at the Tapajos National Forest (TNF), a 6,000,000 ha conservation area of of humid tropical forest with a mean canopy height of 40 m. The study site is located 50 km south of Santarem, Para via an access road at km 83 of the Santarem-Cuiaba Highway. Mean annual precipitation of 1,911 mm has been recorded at a weather station in Belterra, Para 50 km from the study sites (INEMET 1992), with a dry season extending from August through November.

Our 18 ha study site was located adjacent to the eddy flux tower installed by the LBA-ECO Project and lay within a 3,200 ha reduced impact logging demonstration management area. The 700 ha logging area at km 83 was logged in three phases from August to December 2001, though most of the disturbance in the 18 ha study area occurred in September 2001. Reduced impact logging removed on average 2-3 trees per hectare with additional damage associated with landings and skid trails.

From the trees included in the biomass survey conducted in March 2000, (Menton et al., 2011), 390 individuals were randomly selected and fitted with dendrometer bands (Liming 1957). Dendrometers were installed on trees with diameters > 35 cm in November 2000, and on trees with diameters between 10 and 35 cm in February 2001. Additional dendrometers were installed on small trees located within or near newly created logging gaps in February 2002. At the installation of the dendrometers, diameter was assumed to be the same as was measured in the original biomass survey of March 2000. Change in tree circumference was measured at 6-week intervals from November 2000 through November 2004 using digital calipers. Change in circumference was converted to DBH (diameter at breast height) increment in centimeters and recorded.

6. Data Access:

Data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).

Data Archive Center:

Contact for Data Center Access Information:

E-mail: uso@daac.ornl.gov
Telephone: +1 (865) 241-3952

7. References:

Figueira, A. M. e S., S. D. Miller, C. A. D. de Sousa, M. C. Menton, A. R. Maia, H. R. da Rocha, and M. L. Goulden (2008), Effects of selective logging on tropical forest tree growth, J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B05, doi:10.1029/2007JG000577.

Keller, M, M Palace and G Hurtt. 2001. Biomass estimation in the Tapajos National Forest, Brazil- examination of sampling and allometric uncertainties. For. Ecol. Manage. 154: 371-382. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00509-6

Liming, FG 1957. Homemade dendrometers. J. Forestry 55: 575-577

Menton, M., M. Figueira, C.A.D. de Sousa, S.D. Miller, H.R. da Rocha, and M.L. Goulden. 2011. LBA-ECO CD-04 Biomass Survey, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/990