Skip to main content
ORNL DAAC HomeNASA Home

DAAC Home > Get Data > Field Campaigns > First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE) > Dataset Documentation
SOIL SURVEY REFERENCE (FIFE)
Get Data

Soil Survey Reference (FIFE)

Summary:

The objectives of this study were to collect soil survey information from the FIFE study area, determine the soil types at the FIFE sites, and characterize the physical and chemical properties of the soils. The Soil Properties Reference Information Data Set provide a description of the soils and their properties at the FIFE study sites as described by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service.

Five stations representative of the Clime, Benfield, Dwight, Florence, and Tully soil types were selected, and a detailed description of the soil profile at each of these five sites was made. Soil samples from the surface down to bedrock were collected from the horizons and analyzed for bulk density, particle size distribution, moisture retention at 1/3 and 15 bar suctions, cation exchange capacity, and other chemical and physical properties, using standard procedures (Soil Survey Staff 1984).

Table of Contents:

  1. Data Set Overview
  2. Investigator(s)
  3. Theory of Measurements
  4. Equipment
  5. Data Acquisition Methods
  6. Observations
  7. Data Description
  8. Data Organization
  9. Data Manipulations
  10. Errors
  11. Notes
  12. Application of the Data Set
  13. Future Modifications and Plans
  14. Software
  15. Data Access
  16. Output Products and Availability
  17. References
  18. Glossary of Terms
  19. List of Acronyms
  20. Document Information

1. Data Set Overview:

Data Set Identification:

Soil Survey Reference (FIFE).
(Soil Properties Reference Information).

Data Set Introduction:

The Soil Properties Reference Information Data Set provide a description of the soils and their properties at the FIFE study sites as described by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service.

Objective/Purpose:

The objectives were to collect soil survey information from the FIFE study area, determine the soil types at the FIFE sites, and characterize the physical and chemical properties of the soils.

Summary of Parameters:

Soil series name, soil horizon, depth, particle size distribution, organic carbon, nitrogen, extractable metals, extractable bases, acidity, bulk density, electrical conductivity, mottles, roots, rock fragments, concretions, and water holding capacity.

Discussion:

These data provide a description of the soils and their properties at the FIFE study sites as described by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service. Five pedon types were identified from 38 sitegrids within the study area. At five of these sites, detailed soil profiles were also analyzed.

Related Data Sets:

FIS Data Base Table Name:

SOIL_SURVEY_REF.

2. Investigator(s):

Investigator(s) Name and Title:

Staff Science.

Title of Investigation:

Staff Science Ancillary Data Acquisition Program.

Contact Information:

Contact 1:
Fred K. Huemmrich
NASA/Goddard Sp. Fl. Ctr.
Greenbelt, MD.
(301) 286-4862
fred@ltpsun.gsfc.nasa.gov

Contact 2:
Dr. Elissa Levine
NASA/Goddard Sp. Fl. Ctr.
Greenbelt, MD.
(301) 286-5100
elissa@lichen.gsfc.nasa.gov

Requested Form of Acknowledgment.

The soil survey data was obtained by the FIFE Information System staff from the United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (USDA-SCS). Thanks are due to Dr. Elissa Levine who was instrumental in acquiring, interpreting, and preparing these data.

3. Theory of Measurements:

Soil materials and soils are distributed in sufficiently uniform and recognizable entities to justify a system of classification. The technique of identifying and delineating soil units, together with the recording of such information in the form of a map, is the process of soil surveying. Reasonable objectives in soil surveys are to: (i) minimize the variation in terms of significant soil properties within mapping units while maximizing the variation among mapping units, and (ii) effectively characterize the mapping units in terms of significant soil properties.

The degree of purity of a soil mapping unit (soil series in FIFE) is its degree of homogeneity. A pure unit would consist entirely of pedons having characteristics that are in the range permitted by definition for a taxonomic unit. In terms of taxonomic units, the percent "purity" of soil mapping units ranges from about 50% for soil series and soil types to 75% for soil orders (Beckett and Webster 1971).

4. Equipment:

Sensor/Instrument Description:

Soil auger, spade, clinometer, and tape measure.

Collection Environment:

Ground.

Source/Platform:

Ground.

Source/Platform Mission Objectives:

The aim was to identify similar soils and separate different ones, and characterize both based on physical and chemical properties, so that interpretation could be made for other soils of the area.

Key Variables:

Soil horizons, color, particle size distribution, organic matter, acidity, and base status.

Principles of Operation:

Soil cores from a spot on the ground are laid out end to end on a tray. Horizonation and other soil profile characteristics are used to assign the soil to the right soil series (mapping unit). A representative soil profile is dug and described in detail for each mapping unit.

Sensor/Instrument Measurement Geometry:

The soil auger cores a cylindrical section of the soil for soil identification, and a soil profile pit (approximately 1 cubic meter in volume) is dug for a detailed description.

Manufacturer of Sensor/Instrument:

Soil Auger:
Sauze Technical Products Corp.
116 West Service Road, Unit 128
Champlain, NY 12919

Calibration:

Specifications:

Not applicable.

Tolerance:

Not applicable.

Frequency of Calibration:

Not applicable.

Other Calibration Information:

Not applicable.

5. Data Acquisition Methods:

In 1987, all the FIFE sites were surveyed by the United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service personnel. The soil series at each station were identified by onsite inspection. With the exception of station 13 (6735-SCS), all other stations were found to be located on one of five soil series. These soil series were, Clime, Benfield, Dwight, Florence, and Tully.

Five stations representative of these soil types were selected, and a detailed description of the soil profile at each of these five sites was made (see the Field Notes Section). Soil samples from the surface down to bedrock were collected from the horizons and analyzed for bulk density, particle size distribution, moisture retention at 1/3 and 15 bar suctions, cation exchange capacity, and other chemical and physical properties, using standard procedures (Soil Survey Staff 1984).

In 1987, detailed soil analyses were made for the following:

  • Station 1 (2731-SCS), identified as Dwight silty loam. Other stations situated on this soil series are, 2 (1916-SCS), 16 (4439-SCS), 19 (6912-SCS), 26 (8739-SCS), 38 (1478-SCS), and 44 (2043-SCS).
  • Station 10 (3414-SCS), identified as Tully silty clay loam. Other stations situated on this soil series are, 3 (2428-SCS), 8 (3129-SCS), 9 (3921-SCS),17 (4609-SCS), 20 (6340-SCS), 28 (6943-SCS), and 36 (2655-SCS).
  • Station 5 (2123-SCS), identified as Florence silty clay loam. Another station situated on this soil series is 25 (4168-SCS).
  • Station 14 (2516-SCS), identified as Clime silty clay loam. Other stations situated on this soil series are, 6 (2132-SCS), 7 (3221-SCS), 27 (1563-SCS), 29 (0847-SCS), and 42 (1445-SCS).
  • Station 31 (2139-SCS), identified as Benfield silt loam. Other stations situated on this soil series are 12 (2915-SCS), 34 (3479-SCS), and 40 (1246-SCS).
  • 6. Observations:

    Data Notes:

    Not available.

    Field Notes:

    The pedons described in this data set are not the typical pedon in the mapping unit represented in the USDA-SCS soil map of the area. The representative pedon in a soil survey is usually the central concept of the designated mapping unit. The relationship between the sites in the FIFE study area and the sampled pedons are given below. A chart describing the columns is given first. Then the data pedon information is given by sitegrid.


    Parameter/Variable Name
    Parameter/Variable Description Range Units Source
    SITEGRID_ID This is a FIS grid location code. FIS Site grid codes (SSEE-III) give the south (SS) and east (EE) cell number in a 100 x 100 array of 200 m square cells. The last 3 characters (III) are an instrument identifier.
    STATION_ID The three-digit FIFE site min = 1, FIS identification number for the site max = 44 where the data were collected.
    PEDON_ID The identification number for the min = 8700448, SOIL soil site as given by the Soil max = 8700452 CONSERVATION Conservation Service. Sites have SERVICE been sampled by the National Soil Survey Laboratory.
    SOIL_SERIES The soil series name. min = BENFIELD, SOIL max = TULLY TAX CONSERVATION AJUNCT SERVICE
    SOIL_COMPLEX_NAME The name of the soil complex for min = BENFIELD- SOIL this site as it is referred to FLORENCE COMPLEX, CONSERVATION on the soils map. max = TULLY SICL, SERVICE 8-20%
    LATITUDE The north latitude. min = 39 04 16 N, [Degrees, SOIL max = 39 05 47 N Minutes, CONSERVATION Seconds] SERVICE
    LONGITUDE The west longitude. min = 96 32 23 W, [Degrees, SOIL max = 96 35 49 W Minutes, CONSERVATION Seconds] SERVICE
    SLOPE The approximate gradient of the min = 3, [degrees] SOIL soil slope. max = 4 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    ESTIMATED_PERMEABILITY % The Soil Conservation Service min = 2, SOIL class code for the rate of water max = 2 CONSERVATION flow through the soil. SERVICE
    DRAINAGE_CLASS $ The Soil Conservation Service min = 4, SOIL class name for drainage. max = 5 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    ELEV The site elevation above sea level. min = 385, [meters] SOIL max = 445 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    PARENT_MATERIAL_TYPE + The type of parent material for min = 2VB31XH0, SOIL the soil. max = 3XL71XH2 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    MOISTURE_REGIME # Conditions at depth from 10 - 90 min = US, SOIL cm depending on the soil texture. max = US CONSERVATION SERVICE
    RUNOFF & The runoff code. min = 4, SOIL max = 6 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    FLOODING YES if flooding occurs at the min = NO, SOIL site, otherwise NO. max = NO CONSERVATION SERVICE
    COMMENTS Information on the site location, FIS how the site may be linked to other sites, and other comments.

    Footnotes:

    % Decode the ESTIMATED_PERMEABILITY field as follows:

                                          Possible Rates
    (inches/hr)
    ----------------
    Slow
    1 = Very slow              >  .05
    2 = Slow                      .05 - .2
    Moderate
    3 = Moderately slow           .2 - .8
    4 = Moderate                  .8 - 2.5
    5 = Moderately rapid         2.5 - 5.0 
    Rapid 
    6 = Rapid                    5.0 - 10.0
    7 = Very rapid             < 10
    

    & Decode the RUNOFF field as follows:

  • 0 = Ponded
  • 1 = Very slow
  • 2 = Medium
  • 3 = Rapid
  • 4 = Very Rapid
  • # Decode the MOISTURE_REGIME field as follows:

  • AQ = Aquic - Water saturated for long enough for reducing conditions to exist.
  • AR = Aridic or Torric - Both dry more than half the time when not frozen and never moist more than 90 consecutive days when soil temperatures are above 8 degrees C at 50 cm depth.
  • PE = Perudic - Precipitation exceeds evapotranspiration every month of the year.
  • UD = Udic - Not dry as long as 90 cumulative days.
  • US = Ustic - Dry for more than 90 cumulative days but less than 180 days. In temperature (non-iso) climates, they are usually moist at least 45 consecutive days in the 4 months after the winter solstice and not dry 45 consecutive days in the 4 months after the summer solstice.
  • XE = Xeric - Only in the temperate (non-iso) areas and have dry summers and moist winters, usually dry > 45 consecutive days in the summer and moist > 45 consecutive days in the winter.
  • Decode the PARENT_MATERIAL_TYPE field as follows:

    The PARENT_MATERIAL_TYPE is an encoded 8 digit field which describes the weathering, the mode of deposition and the origin of the top 2 layers in a pedon and the fracture distance between these layers.

    In these 8 digits the first digit encodes the values for the amount of weathering.

    Where:
    1 = Slight
    2 = Moderate
    3 = Strong

    The second digit is the mode of deposition for the first layer in the pedon, and the sixth digit is the mode of deposition for the second layer in the pedon. The interpretation of the codes is as follows:

    A = alluvium
    D = glacial drift
    E = eolian
    F = mine spoil and earth fill
    G = glacial outwash
    H = volcanic ash
    I = lacustrine sands
    J = lacustrine silts
    K = lacustrine clays
    L = lacustrine
    M = marine
    N = marine sands
    O = organic
    P = marine silts
    Q = marine clays
    R = solid rock
    S = eollan sand
    T = glacial till
    U = unconsolidated sediments
    V = local colluvium
    W = loess
    X = residuum
    Y = solifluctate
    Z = estuarine

    The third and fourth digits, and the seventh and eighth digits are 2 digit encoded values for the origin of the material in the top layer and the second layer in the pedon, respectively. The interpretation for these codes follows:

    A0 = sandstone unspecified
    A1 = sandstone noncalcareous
    A2 = arkosic sandstone
    A4 = sandstone calcareous
    B0 = interbodded sedimentary unspecified
    B1 = limestone sandstone shale
    B2 = limestone sandstone
    B3 = limestone shale
    B4 = limestone siltstone
    B5 = sandstone shale
    B6 = sandstone siltstone
    B7 = shale siltstone
    C0 = conglomerate unspecified
    C1 = conglomerate noncalcareous
    C2 = conglomerte calcareous
    E0 = ejecta ash unspecified
    E1 = acidic ash
    E2 = basic ash
    E3 = basaltic ash
    E4 = andesitic ash
    E5 = cinders
    E6 = pumice
    E7 = scoria
    E8 = volcanic bombs
    H0 = shale unspecified
    H1 = shale noncalcareous
    H2 = shale calcareous
    H3 = shale clay
    I0 = igneous unspecified
    I1 = igneous coarse (or intrusive)
    I2 = igneous basic (e.g., gabbro)
    I3 = igneous intermediate (e.g., diorite)
    I4 = igneous granite
    I5 = igneous fine (or extrusive)
    I6 = igneous basalt
    I7 = igneous andesite
    I8 = igneous acid (e.g., rhyolite)
    I9 = igneous ultrabasic
    K0 = organic unspecified
    K1 = mossy material
    K2 = herbaceous material
    K3 = woody material unspecified
    K4 = wood fragments
    K5 = logs and stumps
    K6 = charcoal
    K7 = coal
    L0 = limestone unspecified
    L1 = chalk
    L2 = marble
    L3 = dolomite
    L4 = limestone phosphatic
    L5 = limestone arenaceous
    L6 = limestone argillaceous
    L7 = limestone cherry
    M0 = metamorphic unspecified
    M1 = gneiss unspecified
    M2 = gneiss acidic
    M3 = gneiss basic
    M4 = serpentine
    M5 = schist unspecified
    M6 = schist acidic
    M7 = schist basic
    M8 = slate
    M9 = quartzite
    P0 = pyroclastic unspecified
    P1 = tuff unspecified
    P2 = tuff acidic
    P3 = tuff basic
    P4 = volcanic breccia unspecified
    P5 = breccia acidic
    P6 = breccia basic
    P7 = tuff breccia
    P8 = aa
    P9 = pahoehoe
    S0 = sedimentary unspecified
    S1 = marl
    S2 = glauconite
    T0 = siltstone unspecified
    T1 = siltstone noncalcareous
    T2 = siltstone calcareous
    Y0 = mixed unspecified
    Y1 = mixed noncalcareous
    Y2 = mixed calcareous
    Y4 = mixed igneous metamorphic and sedimentary
    Y5 = mixed igneous and metamorphic
    Y6 = mixed igneous and sedimentary
    Y7 = mixed metamorphic and sedimentary

    The fifth digit is the encoded value for the bedrock fracture distance between the top two layers. The interpretation of these codes are as follows.

    where:
    1 = less than 10 cm between fractures
    2 = 10 to 45 cm between fractures
    3 = 45 cm to 1.0 meter between fractures
    4 = 1.0 to 2.0 meters between fractures
    5 = greater than 2 meters between fractures

    The soil site reference information for sites within the FIFE study area follows.

         SITEGRID   STN_ID  PEDON_ID   SOIL_SERIES      SOIL_COMPLEX_NAME         
    --------   ------  --------   ---------------  --------------------------
    0847-SCS    29     8700448     CLIME            CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    1445-SCS    42     8700448     CLIME            CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    1563-SCS    27     8700448     CLIME            STONY STEEP LAND          
    2132-SCS     6     8700448     CLIME            BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    2516-SCS    14     8700448     CLIME TAXAJUNCT  CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    3221-SCS     7     8700448     CLIME            BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    2428-SCS     3     8700449     TULLY            DWIGHT-IRWIN COMPLEX      
    2655-SCS    36     8700449     TULLY            CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    3129-SCS     8     8700449     TULLY            BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    3414-SCS    10     8700449     TULLY            IRWIN SICL, 1-4%          
    3921-SCS     9     8700449     TULLY            TULLY SICL, 8-20%         
    4609-SCS    17     8700449     TULLY            DWIGHT SICL               
    4609-SCS    22     8700449     TULLY            DWIGHT SICL               
    5926-SCS    15     8700449     TULLY            MUIR SICL                 
    6340-SCS    20     8700449     TULLY TAXAJUNCT  IRWIN SICL, 1-4%          
    6943-SCS    28     8700449     TULLY            TULLY SICL, 1-4%          
    1478-SCS    38     8700450     DWIGHT           CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    1916-SCS     2     8700450     DWIGHT           IRWIN SICL, 4-8%          
    2043-SCS    44     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT-IRWIN COMPLEX, 1-4%
    2731-SCS     1     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT-IRWIN COMPLEX, 1-4%
    2731-SCS     4     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT-IRWIN COMPLEX, 1-4%
    4439-SCS    11     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT SICL               
    4439-SCS    16     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT SICL               
    4439-SCS    18     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT SICL               
    6912-SCS    19     8700450     DWIGHT           IRWIN SICL, 1-4%          
    6912-SCS    24     8700450     DWIGHT           IRWIN SICL, 1-4%          
    8639-SCS    21     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT SICL               
    8739-SCS    26     8700450     DWIGHT           DWIGHT SICL               
    2123-SCS     5     8700451     FLORENCE         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    4168-SCS    25     8700451     FLORENCE         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    4268-SCS    30     8700451     FLORENCE         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    4268-SCS    32     8700451     FLORENCE         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    1246-SCS    40     8700452     BENFIELD         CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    2139-SCS    31     8700452     BENFIELD         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    2915-SCS    12     8700452     BENFIELD         BENFIELD-FLORENCE COMPLEX 
    3479-SCS    34     8700452     BENFIELD         CLIME-SOGN COMPLEX        
    6469-SCS    23     8700452     BENFIELD         LABETTE-FLORENCE COMPLEX  
    6735-SCS    13                 HOBBS            HOBS SILT LOAM            
         SITEGRID    PEDON_ID   LATITUDE      LONGITUDE    SLOPE   ESTIMATED_PERMEABILITY  
    --------    --------   ----------    ----------   -----   ----------------------
    0847-SCS    8700448                                  2                     
    1445-SCS    8700448                                  2                     
    1563-SCS    8700448                                  2                     
    2132-SCS    8700448                                  2                     
    2516-SCS    8700448    39 05 12 N    96 35 39 W      4              2                     
    3221-SCS    8700448                                  2                     
    2428-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    2655-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    3129-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    3414-SCS    8700449    39 04 16 N    96 35 49 W      4              2                     
    3921-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    4609-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    4609-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    5926-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    6340-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    6943-SCS    8700449                                  2                     
    1478-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    1916-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    2043-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    2731-SCS    8700450    39 04 54 N    96 33 34 W      3              2                     
    2731-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    4439-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    4439-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    4439-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    6912-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    6912-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    8639-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    8739-SCS    8700450                                  2                     
    2123-SCS    8700451    39 05 47 N    96 34 39 W      3                       
    4168-SCS    8700451                                                      
    4268-SCS    8700451                                                      
    4268-SCS    8700451                                                      
    1246-SCS    8700452                                                      
    2139-SCS    8700452    39 05 36 N    96 32 23 W      4                       
    2915-SCS    8700452                                                      
    3479-SCS    8700452                                                      
    6469-SCS    8700452                                                      
    6735-SCS                                        
         SITEGRID    PEDON_ID   DRAINAGE_CLASS  ELEV   PARENT_MATERIAL_TYPE
    --------    --------   --------------  -----   --------------------
    0847-SCS    8700448    5                      2VL72XB3
    1445-SCS    8700448    5                      2VL72XB3
    1563-SCS    8700448    5                      2VL72XB3
    2132-SCS    8700448    5                      2VL72XB3
    2516-SCS    8700448    5                405   2VL72XB3
    3221-SCS    8700448    5                      2VL72XB3
    2428-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    2655-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    3129-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    3414-SCS    8700449    5                410   2VB31XH0
    3921-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    4609-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    4609-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    5926-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    6340-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    6943-SCS    8700449    5                      2VB31XH0
    1478-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    1916-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    2043-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    2731-SCS    8700450    4                445   2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    2731-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    4439-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    4439-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    4439-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    6912-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    6912-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    8639-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    8739-SCS    8700450    4                      2WY31WY31XL71XH2
    2123-SCS    8700451                     405   3XL71XH2
    4168-SCS    8700451                           3XL71XH2
    4268-SCS    8700451                           3XL71XH2
    4268-SCS    8700451                           3XL71XH2
    1246-SCS    8700452                           2VL71XH2
    2139-SCS    8700452                     385   2VL71XH2
    2915-SCS    8700452                           2VL71XH2
    3479-SCS    8700452                           2VL71XH2
    6469-SCS    8700452                           2VL71XH2
    6735-SCS          
         SITEGRID    PEDON_ID   MOISTURE_REGIME  RUNOFF  FLOODING
    --------    --------   ---------------  ------  --------
    0847-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    1445-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    1563-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    2132-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    2516-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    3221-SCS    8700448      US              6        NO
    2428-SCS    8700449      US              5
    2655-SCS    8700449      US              5
    3129-SCS    8700449      US              5
    3414-SCS    8700449      US              5
    3921-SCS    8700449      US              5
    4609-SCS    8700449      US              5
    4609-SCS    8700449      US              5
    5926-SCS    8700449      US              5
    6340-SCS    8700449      US              5
    6943-SCS    8700449      US              5
    1478-SCS    8700450      US              4
    1916-SCS    8700450      US              4
    2043-SCS    8700450      US              4
    2731-SCS    8700450      US              4
    2731-SCS    8700450      US              4
    4439-SCS    8700450      US              4
    4439-SCS    8700450      US              4
    4439-SCS    8700450      US              4
    6912-SCS    8700450      US              4
    6912-SCS    8700450      US              4
    8639-SCS    8700450      US              4
    8739-SCS    8700450      US              4
    2123-SCS    8700451      US
    4168-SCS    8700451      US
    4268-SCS    8700451      US
    4268-SCS    8700451      US
    1246-SCS    8700452      US
    2139-SCS    8700452      US
    2915-SCS    8700452      US
    3479-SCS    8700452      US
    6469-SCS    8700452      US
    6735-SCS          
         SITEGRID    PEDON_ID   COMMENTS
    --------    --------   -----------------------------------------------------
    0847-SCS    8700448    BASED ON SITEGRID 2516-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    1445-SCS    8700448    BASED ON SITEGRID 2516-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    1563-SCS    8700448    BASED ON SITEGRID 2516-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2132-SCS    8700448    BASED ON SITEGRID 2516-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2516-SCS    8700448    THIS SITE SAMPLED BY NSSL. TAXAJUNCT TO CLIME SERIES 
    BECAUSE OF DEPTH TO LIME. 400 FT E AND 600 FT S 
    OF NW CORNER OF SECT 19 T.11 S. R.8 E. RILEY CO. KS
    3221-SCS    8700448    BASED ON SITEGRID 2516-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2428-SCS    8700449    LINK TO DATA FOR SITE 10. INCLUDED IN THE SITE ARE SOME
    PEDONS THAT HAVE SHALE AT A DEPTH OF ABOUT 40 INCHES.
    2655-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    3129-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES. 
    UPPER PART OF SITE IS IN BENFIELD SOILS, LOWER PART 
    OF SITE IS TULLY SOILS.
    3414-SCS    8700449    SAMPLED BY NSSL. 500 FT W AND 750 FT S OF NE CORNER OF 
    SECTION 25 T. 11 S., R. 7 E. GEARY CO. KS. AREA 
    MAPPED AS IRWIN.
    3921-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4609-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4609-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    5926-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    6340-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES. 
    TAXAJUNCT TO THE TULLY SERIES BECAUSE OF DEPTH TO 
    LIME.
    6943-SCS    8700449    BASED ON SITEGRID 3414-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    1478-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    1916-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2043-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2731-SCS    8700450    SAMPLED BY NSSL; 2200 FT S AND 700 FT W OF NE CORNER 
    OF SECTION 20 T. 11 S. , R. 8 E. RILEY CO. KS
    2731-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4439-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4439-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4439-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    6912-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    6912-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    8639-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    8739-SCS    8700450    BASED ON SITEGRID 2731-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2123-SCS    8700451    SAMPLED BY NSSL. SITE INCLUDES SOME LABETTE SOILS. 
    400 FT N AND 400 FT W OF CENTER OF SECTION 18 T. 
    11 S., R. 8 E. RILEY CO. KS
    4168-SCS    8700451    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4268-SCS    8700451    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    4268-SCS    8700451    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    1246-SCS    8700452    BASED ON SITEGRID 2139-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    2139-SCS    8700452    SAMPLED BY NSSL. 2000 FT N AND 400 FT W OF THE SE 
    CORNER OF SECTION 17 T.11 S., R. 8 E. RILEY CO. KS.
    2915-SCS    8700452    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    3479-SCS    8700452    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    6469-SCS    8700452    BASED ON SITEGRID 2123-SCS SINCE SIMILAR SOIL SERIES.
    6735-SCS               ONLY TRUE ALLUVIAL SITE IN STUDY, NOT SAMPLED. 
    

    7. Data Description:

    Spatial Characteristics:

    The FIFE study area, with areal extent of 15 km by 15 km, is located south of the Tuttle Reservoir and Kansas River, and about 10 km from Manhattan, Kansas, USA. The northwest corner of the area has UTM coordinates of 4,334,000 Northing and 705,000 Easting in UTM Zone 14.

    Spatial Coverage:

    Below is a list of the FIFE sites for which soil survey data exists. The stations with the latitude and longitude information were the sites where detailed soil profile descriptions were made:

                SITEGRID   STN_ID   PEDON_ID   SOIL_SERIES       LATITUDE       LONGITUDE
    --------   ------   --------   ---------------   ------------  ------------
    0847-SCS     29     8700448    CLIME
    1445-SCS     42     8700448    CLIME
    1563-SCS     27     8700448    CLIME
    2132-SCS      6     8700448    CLIME
    2516-SCS     14     8700448    CLIME TAXAJUNCT   39 05 12 N     96 35 39 W
    3221-SCS      7     8700448    CLIME
    2428-SCS      3     8700449    TULLY
    2655-SCS     36     8700449    TULLY
    3129-SCS      8     8700449    TULLY
    3414-SCS     10     8700449    TULLY             39 04 16 N     96 35 49 W
    3921-SCS      9     8700449    TULLY
    4609-SCS     17     8700449    TULLY
    4609-SCS     22     8700449    TULLY
    5926-SCS     15     8700449    TULLY
    6340-SCS     20     8700449    TULLY TAXAJUNCT
    6943-SCS     28     8700449    TULLY
    1478-SCS     38     8700450    DWIGHT
    1916-SCS      2     8700450    DWIGHT
    2043-SCS     44     8700450    DWIGHT
    2731-SCS      1     8700450    DWIGHT            39 04 54 N     96 33 34 W
    2731-SCS      4     8700450    DWIGHT
    4439-SCS     11     8700450    DWIGHT
    4439-SCS     16     8700450    DWIGHT
    4439-SCS     18     8700450    DWIGHT
    6912-SCS     19     8700450    DWIGHT
    6912-SCS     24     8700450    DWIGHT
    8639-SCS     21     8700450    DWIGHT
    8739-SCS     26     8700450    DWIGHT
    2123-SCS      5     8700451    FLORENCE          39 05 47 N     96 34 39 W
    4168-SCS     25     8700451    FLORENCE
    4268-SCS     30     8700451    FLORENCE
    4268-SCS     32     8700451    FLORENCE
    1246-SCS     40     8700452    BENFIELD
    2139-SCS     31     8700452    BENFIELD          39 05 36 N     96 32 23 W
    2915-SCS     12     8700452    BENFIELD
    3479-SCS     34     8700452    BENFIELD
    6469-SCS     23     8700452    BENFIELD
    6735-SCS     13                HOBBS
    

    Spatial Coverage Map:

    Not available.

    Spatial Resolution:

    These were point data. However, the soil profile information represents data from approximately 1 meter square area.

    Projection:

    Not available.

    Grid Description:

    Not available.

    Temporal Characteristics:

    Temporal Coverage:

    These data were acquired during the summer of 1987.

    Temporal Coverage Map:

    Not available.

    Temporal Resolution:

    Soil profiles are generally stable for hundreds of years or more.

    Data Characteristics:

    The SQL definition for this table is found in the SOILSURV.TDF file located on FIFE CD-ROM Volume 1.


    Parameter/Variable Name
    Parameter/Variable Description Range Units Source
    PEDON_ID The identification number for the min = 8700448, SOIL soil site as given by the Soil max = 8700453 CONSERVATION Conservation Service. SERVICE
    SOIL_SERIES The name of the soil series at min = BENFIELD, SOIL this site. max = TULLY CONSERVATION SERVICE
    SOIL_HORIZON_LAYER The soil horizon layer number, 1 min = 1, SOIL being the top layer. max = 9 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    SOIL_HORIZON_DESCR * The soil horizon description. min = A, SOIL max = 4CR CONSERVATION SERVICE
    TOTAL_CLAY The percent of total clay min = 16.9, [percent] SOIL (particles < 0.002 mm diameter) max = 73.9 CONSERVATION in this horizon. SERVICE
    TOTAL_SILT The percent of total silt min = 16.9, [percent SOIL (particles between 0.05 and 0.002 max = 67.7 CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. SERVICE
    TOTAL_SAND The percent of total sand min = 2.1, [percent] SOIL (particles between 2.0 and 0.05 max = 38 CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. SERVICE
    FINE_SILT The percent of fine silt in this min = 10.5, [percent] SOIL horizon. max = 60.5 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    COARSE_SILT The percent of coarse silt in min = 3.3, [percent] SOIL this horizon. max = 39.5 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    VERY_FINE_SAND The percent of very fine sand min = 1.1, [percent] SOIL (particles between 0.1 and 0.05 max = 8.7 CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. SERVICE
    FINE_SAND The percent of fine sand min = -2, [percent] SOIL (particles between 0.25 and 0.1 max = 7.2, CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. -2 = dash, SERVICE -1 = trace amount
    MEDIUM_SAND The percent of medium sand min = -2, [percent SOIL (particles between 0.5 and 0.25 max = 7.2, CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. -2 = dash, SERVICE -1 = trace amount
    COARSE_SAND The percent of coarse sand min = -2, [percent] SOIL (particles between 1.0 and 0.5 max = 8.2, CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. -2 = dash, SERVICE -1 = trace amount
    VERY_COARSE_SAND The percent of very coarse sand min = -2, [percent] SOIL (particles between 2.0 and 1.0 max = 8.7, CONSERVATION mm diameter) in this horizon. -2 = dash, SERVICE -1 = trace amount
    ORGANIC_CARBON The percent of organic carbon in min = .09, [percent] SOIL this horizon. max = 5.8 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    ORGANIC_NITROGEN The percent of organic nitrogen min = -3, [percent] SOIL in this horizon. max = .38, CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    EXTRACTABLE_FE The percent dithionite citrate min = .3, [percent] SOIL extractable iron from this horizon. max = 2.4 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    EXTRACTABLE_AL The percent dithionite citrate min = -1, [percent] SOIL extractable aluminum from this max = .4, CONSERVATION horizon. -1 = trace amount SERVICE
    EXTRACTABLE_CA The NH4OAC (pH 7) extractable min = 17.2, [MEQ][100 SOIL calcium from this horizon. max = 63.3 grams^-1] CONSERVATION
    EXTRACTABLE_MG The NH4OAC (pH 7) extractable min = .5, [MEQ][100 SOIL magnesium from this horizon. max = 10.7 grams^-1] CONSERVATION SERVICE
    EXTRACTABLE_NA The NH4OAC (pH 7) extractable min = -1, [MEQ][100 SOIL sodium from this horizon. max = 6.5, grams^-1] CONSERVATION -1 = trace amount SERVICE
    EXTRACTABLE_K The NH4OAC (pH 7) extractable min = -1, [MEQ][100 SOIL potassium from this horizon. max = 1.7, grams^-1] CONSERVATION -1 = trace amount SERVICE
    SUM_EXTRACTABLE_BASES The sum of the NH4OAC (pH 7) min = 23.5, [MEQ][100 SOIL extractable bases in this horizon. max = 64.6 grams^-1] CONSERVATION SERVICE
    EXTRACTABLE_ACIDITY The NH4OAC (pH 8.2) extractable min = -3, [MEQ][100 SOIL acidity in this horizon. max = 13.3, grams^-1] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    CATION_EXCHANGE_CAPACITY The NH4OAC (pH 7) cation exchange min = 9.3, [MEQ][100 SOIL capacity in this horizon. max = 54 grams^-1] CONSERVATION SERVICE
    BASE_SATRTN The NH4OAC (pH 7) base saturation min = 82.3, [percent] SOIL for this horizon. max = 440.9 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    CARBONATE_FRACTION The carbonate > 2 mm fraction for min = -3, [MEQ] SOIL this horizon. max = 69.4, [liter^-1] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    SOIL_RESISTIVITY The soil resistivity. min = -3, [ohms] SOIL max = 570, CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    SOIL_WATER_SUSPENSION_PH The pH for a 1:1 soil-water min = 5.8, [Standard SOIL suspension. max = 8.8 Units] CONSERVATION SERVICE
    SOIL_CACL2_SUSPENSION_PH The pH for a 1:2 soil-CaCl2 min = 5.4, [Standard SOIL suspension. max = 7.9 Units] CONSERVATION SERVICE
    BICARB_SATRTN_EXTRCT The bicarbonate saturation min = -3, [MEQ] SOIL extract (H2O) for this horizon. max = 9, [liter^-1] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    CHLORIDE_SATRTN_EXTRCT The chloride saturation extract min = -3, [MEQ] SOIL (H2O) for this horizon. max = 24.7, [liter^-1] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    SULFATE_SATRTN_EXTRCT The sulfate saturation extract min = -3, [MEQ] SOIL (H2O) for this horizon. max = 17.1, [liter^-1] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    CONDCTVTY_SATRTN_EXTRCT The electric conductivity min = -3, [milliMhos] SOIL saturation extract for this max = 4.35, [cm^-1] CONSERVATION horizon. -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    BULK_DENSITY The bulk density at 1/3 bar min = -3, [grams] SOIL tension for this horizon. max = 1.79, [cm^-3] CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    COARSE_FRAGMENTS The percent of coarse fragments min = -3, [percent] SOIL (particles > 2 mm diameter) for max = 96, CONSERVATION this horizon. -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    DEPTH_TO_TOP The depth to the top of the min = 0, [cm] SOIL soil horizon. max = 167 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    DEPTH_TO_BOTTOM The depth to the bottom of the min = 10, [cm] SOIL soil horizon. max = 185 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    DRY_COLOR $ The dry soil color (hue, value min = 10YR 31, SOIL and chroma) using the Munsell max = 7.5YR54 CONSERVATION notation. SERVICE
    MOIST_COLOR ** The moist soil color (hue, value min = 10YR 21, SOIL and chroma) using the Munsell max = 7.5YR44 CONSERVATION notation. SERVICE
    SOIL_TEXTURE_CLASS # An abbreviation for the soil min = CL, SOIL texture class. Soil texture is max = WB CONSERVATION based on the relative proportions SERVICE of clay, silt, and sand.
    SOIL_STRUCTURE_CLASS & An abbreviation for the soil min = 0 MA, SOIL structure class. Soil structure max = 3M GR CONSERVATION is a description of how soil SERVICE particles aggregate.
    DRY_SOIL_CONSISTENCE $$ An abbreviation for the dry soil min = 000, SOIL consistence. Consistence refers max = VH CONSERVATION to the degree and kind of adhesion SERVICE of soil particles.
    MOIST_SOIL_CONSISTENCE ## An abbreviation for the soil min = EFI, SOIL consistence when moist. max = VFI CONSERVATION Consistence refers to the degree SERVICE and kind of adhesion of soil particles.
    SOIL_MOTTLE ! A description of variations min = C 1 D10YR SOIL (abundance and contrast) in the 56, CONSERVATION soil coloring. Mottling in soils max = C 2 D7.5Y SERVICE is described by the colors and R46 patterns of the soil.
    SOIL_SURFACE_FEATURES && The gross characteristics of the min = ACCD27.5Y SOIL soil surface (stoniness, erosion, R32, CONSERVATION etc.). max = TMDFR5YR SERVICE 34
    LOWER_BNDRY_DISTINCTNESS + A description of the distinctness min = AS, SOIL of the lower horizon boundary. max = GW CONSERVATION SERVICE
    EFFERVESCENCE_CLASS The strength of the effervescence min = 1, SOIL reaction to an acid; 1 = slight, max = 3 CONSERVATION 2 = strong, 3 = violent. SERVICE
    EFFERVESCENCE_AGENT The agent used to test min = I, SOIL effervescence. max = I CONSERVATION SERVICE
    DEGREE_OF_EFFERVESCENCE The degree of effervescence min = C, SOIL displayed by the soil. max = D CONSERVATION SERVICE
    ROOT_DISTRIBUTION ++ A description of the distribution min = C 1 C, SOIL of roots in the horizon. max = M 1 T CONSERVATION SERVICE
    CONCRETIONS *+ A description of the amount and min = A2C Z2, SOIL type of concretions. max = M3F Z1 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    ROCK_FRAGMENTS #$ A description of the amount and min = C011, SOIL type of rock fragments. max = Y071 CONSERVATION SERVICE
    WATER_EXTRCTD_1_THIRD_BAR The amount of water extracted min = -3, [percent] SOIL from the soil at 1/3 bar. max = 46.4, CONSERVATION -3 = blank, SERVICE -2 = dash, -1 = trace amount
    WATER_EXTRCTD_15_BAR The amount of water extracted min = 7.2, [percent] SOIL from the soil at 15 bar. max = 30.7 CONSERVATION SERVICE

    Footnotes:

    Decode the SOIL_HORIZON_LAYER field as follows:

       Symbol      Description
    -----       ------------------------------------------------------------
    A         Mineral, mixed with humus, dark colored.
    A1        Mineral, accumulation of humidified organic matter.
    A2        Maximum eluviation of clay, E horizon in new nomenclature.
    AB        Transition to B, more like A than B.        
    AP        Plowed of disturbed A.
    BA        Transition to A, more like B than A.
    BC        Transition to C, more like B than C.
    BT1       Maximum accumulation of clay, first part.
    BT2       Maximum accumulation of clay, second part.
    BT3       Maximum accumulation of clay, third part.   
    BW1       Color or structural B, first part.         
    BW2       Color or structural B, second part.        
    BW3       Color or structural B, third part.         
    BW4       Color or structural B, fourth part.        
    BW5       Color or structural B, fifth part.         
    C1        Least weathering or accumulation, first part.
    CR        Transition to bedrock (R), more like C than R.                
    2BC        Second parent material, Transition to C, more like B than C.
    2BT2       Second parent material, maximum accumulation of clay, second
    part.
    2BT4       Second parent material, maximum accumulation of clay, fourth  
    part.
    2BT5       Second parent material, maximum accumulation of clay, fifth 
    part.
    2BT6       Second parent material, maximum accumulation of clay, sixth 
    part.
    2C         Second parent material, least weathering or accumulation. 
    2C1        Second parent material, least weathering or accumulation, first 
    part
    2C2        Second parent material, least weathering or accumulation, 2nd 
    part.
    2CR        Second parent material, transition to bedrock, more like C than 
    R. 
    3BT7       Third parent material, maximum accumulation of clay, seventh 
    part.
    4CR        Fourth parent material, transition to bedrock, more like C than 
    R. 
    

    $ Decode the DRY_COLOR field as follows:

       Symbol      Description                         
    -------     ---------------------
    10YR 31     Very dark gray
    10YR 41     Dark gray
    10YR 42     Dark grayish brown
    10YR 43     Brown
    10YR 53     Brown
    10YR 54     Yellowish brown
    10YR 64     Light yellowish brown
    2.5Y 64     Light yellowish brown
    2.5Y 74     Pale yellow
    5YR  43     Reddish brown
    7.5YR42     Brown
    7.5YR44     Brown
    7.5YR54     Brown
    

    ** Decode the MOIST_COLOR field as follows:

        Symbol      Description                         
    -------     -----------------------
    10YR 21     Black
    10YR 31     Very dark gray
    10YR 32     Very dark grayish brown
    10YR 33     Dark brown
    10YR 43     Brown
    10YR 44     Dark yellowish brown
    10YR 54     Yellowish 
    2.5Y 54     Light olive brown 
    2.5Y 64     Light yellowish brown 
    2.5Y 74     Pale yellow
    5Y   51     Gray
    5YR  33     Dark reddish brown 
    5YR  46     Yellowish red
    7.5YR32     Dark brown
    7.5YR34     Dark brown
    7.5YR44     Dark brown to brown
    

    # Decode the SOIL_TEXTURE_CLASS field as follows:

        Symbol         Description 
    ------         ----------------
    CL             Clay loam
    SIC            Silty clay
    SICL           Silty clay loam
    SIL            Silty loam
    WB             Weathered bedrock
    

    & Decode the SOIL_STRUCTURE_CLASS field as follows:

        Symbol         Description
    ------         --------------------------------
    0  MA          Structureless, massive
    1F SBK         Weak, fine, subangular blocky
    1M PR          Weak, medium, prismatic
    1M SBK         Weak, medium, subangular blocky
    2F GR          Moderate, fine, granular
    2F SBK         Moderate, fine, subangular blocky
    2M COL         Moderate, medium, columnar
    2M GR          Moderate, medium, granular
    2M PR          Moderate, medium, prismatic
    2M SBK         Moderate, medium, subangular blocky
    3M GR          Strong, medium, granular
    

    $$ Decode the DRY_SOIL_CONSISTENCE field as follows:

        Symbol                Description
    ------                --------------
    000                   Not described (soil in moist or wet state)
    H                     Hard
    SH                    Slightly hard
    VH                    Very hard
    

    ## Decode the MOIST_SOIL_CONSIST field as follows:

        Symbol                Description
    ------                ---------------
    EFI                   Extremely firm
    FI                    Firm
    FR                    Friable
    VFI                   Very firm
    

    ! Decode the SOIL_MOTTLE field using the method given below:

    This field is a 10 to 12 digit field which encodes the abundance, size, contrast and color of the soil sample. The form of the code is as follows:

    AbSbCKKKKKKK

    where
    A = Abundance and is either:
    F = Few (5 to 25%)
    C = Common (25 to 50%)
    M = Many (greater than 50%)

    b = a blank space in the field

    S = Size and is either:
    1 = Fine (major axis is less than 5 mm)
    2 = Medium (major axis is between 5 and 15 mm)
    3 = Coarse (major axis is greater than 15 mm)

    C = Contrast and is either:
    F = Faint (recognizable only on close examination)
    D = Distinct (readily seen)
    P = Prominent (obvious and an outstanding feature of horizon)

    KKKKKKK = Color of the horizon - described by its Hue, Value and Chroma. Where the first five digits are the code for the Hue, the sixth digit is the code for the Value and the seventh digit is the code for the Chroma.

    Hue = dominant spectral (rainbow) color
    10 R
    2.5 YR
    5 YR
    7.5 YR
    10 YR
    2.5 Y
    5 Y
    where
    R = Red
    YR = yellow-red/orange
    Y = yellow
    0 - 10 where each number is more yellow and less red than the next higher number.

    Value = relative lightness of the color
    0 - 10
    where
    0 = absolute black
    10 = absolute white

    Chroma (saturation) = relative purity or strength of the spectral color
    0 - 20
    where
    0 = neutral grays and increasing equal intervals

    && Decode the SOIL_SURF_FEATURES field as follows:

        Symbol           Description                            
    ------------     ----------------------------------------------------------
    ACCDZ7.5YR32     Skeltans over cutans, common, continuous, distinct, on 
    vertical and horizontal faces, dark brown  
    AMCFZ10YR 31     Skeltans over cutans, many, continuous, faint, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, very dark gray
    MCDDZ10YR 21     Mn or Fe-Mn stains, common, discontinuous, distinct, on 
    vertical and horizontal faces, black
    OFPFV10YR 21     Organic coats, few, patchy, faint, on vertical faces of 
    peds, black
    QM FT10YR 43     Non-intersecting slickensides, many, faint, throughout, 
    brown
    QM FT10YR 44     Non-intersecting slickensides, many, faint, throughout, 
    dark yellowish brown
    TCDDZ10YR 44     Clay films, common, discontinuous, distinct, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, dark yellowish brown
    TCDFZ10YR 32     Clay films, common, discontinuous, faint, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, very dark grayish brown
    TCDFZ7.5YR34     Clay films, common, discontinuous, faint, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, dark brown
    TCPDZ7.5YR32     Clay films, common, patchy, distinct, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, dark brown
    TFPFZ10YR 22     Clay films, few, patchy, faint, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, very dark brown
    TMCDZ5YR  33     Clay films, many, continuous, distinct, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, dark reddish brown
    TMCDZ7.5YR32     Clay films, many, continuous, distinct, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, dark brown
    TMCDZ7.5YR44     Clay films, many, continuous, distinct, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, brown
    TMCFP5YR  33     Clay films, many, continuous, faint, on faces of peds, 
    dark reddish brown
    TMCFR5YR  34     Clay films, many, continuous, faint, on rock fragments, 
    dark reddish brown
    TMCFZ5YR  44     Clay films, many, continuous, faint, on vertical
    and horizontal faces, reddish brown
    TMDFR5YR  34     Clay films, many, discontinuous, faint, on rock fragments, 
    dark reddish brown
    

    Decode the LOWER_BNDRY_DISTINCTNESS field as follows:

        Symbol                  Description
    ------                  ---------------
    AS                      Abrupt, smooth
    AW                      Abrupt, wavy
    CS                      Clear, smooth
    CW                      Clear, wavy
    GS                      Gradual, smooth
    GW                      Gradual, wavy
    

    ++ Decode the ROOTS_DISTRIBUTION field as follows:

        Symbol                  Description
    ------                  --------------------------
    C 1 C                   Common, fine, cracks
    C 1 P                   Common, fine, between peds
    C 1 T                   Common, fine, throughout
    F 1 C                   Few, fine, cracks
    F 1 P                   Few, fine, between peds
    F 1 T                   Few, fine, throughout
    F V1T                   Few, very fine, throughout
    M 1 P                   Many, fine, between peds
    M 1 T                   Many, fine, throughout
    

    *+ Decode the CONCRETIONS field as follows:

        Symbol                  Description
    ------                  ---------------------------------------------------
    A2C Z2                  Clay bodies, common, irregular, medium
    C2M Z2                  Soft masses, many, irregular, medium
    F3C O1                  Iron concretions, common, rounded, fine
    K2C  2                  Soft masses of carbonate, common, medium
    K2C  3                  Soft masses of carbonate, common, coarse
    K2M  3                  Soft masses of carbonate, many, coarse
    K3F O1                  Carbonate concretions, many, rounded, fine
    K4C Z2                  Carbonate nodules, common, irregular, medium
    K4F Z2                  Carbonate nodules, few, irregular, medium
    M3C O1                  Iron and Manganese concretions, common, rounded, 
    fine
    M3C Z1                  Iron and Manganese concretions, common, irregular,
    fine
    M3F O1                  Iron and Manganese concretions, few, rounded, fine
    M3F Z1                  Iron and Manganese concretions, few, irregular, 
    fine
    

    #$ Decode the ROCK_FRAGMENTS field as follows:

        Symbol                  Description
    ------                  ---------------------------------------
    C011                    Conglomerate, 1% of soil volume, gravel
    H051                    Shale, 5% of soil volume, gravel
    H201                    Shale, 20% of soil volume, gravel
    H301                    Shale, 30% of soil volume, gravel
    H501                    Shale, 50% of soil volume, gravel
    H751                    Shale, 75% of soil volume, gravel
    S021                    Sedimentary, 2% of soil volume, gravel
    S041                    Sedimentary, 4% of soil volume, gravel
    S051                    Sedimentary, 5% of soil volume, gravel
    S101                    Sedimentary, 10% of soil volume, gravel
    S151                    Sedimentary, 15% of soil volume, gravel
    S351                    Sedimentary, 35% of soil volume, gravel
    S401                    Sedimentary, 40% of soil volume, gravel
    S501                    Sedimentary, 50% of soil volume, gravel
    S601                    Sedimentary, 60% of soil volume, gravel
    S902                    Sedimentary, 90% of soil volume, cobbles
    Y011                    Mixed lithology, 1% of soil volume, gravel
    Y021                    Mixed lithology, 2% of soil volume, gravel
    Y041                    Mixed lithology, 4% of soil volume, gravel
    Y071                    Mixed lithology, 7% of soil volume, gravel
    

    Sample Data Record:

         PEDON_ID   SOIL_SERIES    SOIL_HORIZON_LAYER   SOIL_HORIZON_DESCR   TOTAL_CLAY
    --------   ------------   ------------------   ------------------   ----------
    8700448      CLIME                1                  A1              46.70
    8700448      CLIME                2                  A2              59.40
    8700448      CLIME                3                  BT1             65.90
    8700448      CLIME                4                  2BT2            33.40
         TOTAL_SILT   TOTAL_SAND   FINE_SILT   COARSE_SILT   VERY_FINE_SAND   FINE_SAND
    ----------   ----------   ---------   -----------   --------------   ---------
    45.90       7.40       21.40        24.50           4.90           .70
    32.70       7.90       19.30        13.40           2.70           .70
    30.80       3.30       22.40         8.40           1.20           .60
    59.30       7.30       50.30         9.00           2.50          2.20
         MEDIUM_SAND   COARSE_SAND   VERY_COARSE_SAND   ORGANIC_CARBON   ORGANIC_NITROGEN
    -----------   -----------   ----------------   --------------   ----------------
    .50         .60              .70             4.820             .380
    .70        1.00             2.80             2.500             .270
    .30         .50              .70             1.520             .180
    1.20         .70              .70              .730             .080
         EXTRACTABLE_FE   EXTRACTABLE_AL   EXTRACTABLE_CA   EXTRACTABLE_MG   EXTRACTABLE_NA
    --------------   --------------   --------------   --------------   --------------
    1.30            .20              32.60              4.00          -1.00
    1.60            .20              34.30              4.00            .10
    1.90            .30              45.70              2.60            .10
    .80            .10              63.30              1.00          -1.00
         EXTRACTABLE_K   SUM_EXTRACTABLE_BASES   EXTRACTABLE_ACIDITY
    -------------   ---------------------   -------------------
    1.30               37.90                10.60
    .80               39.20                10.90
    .70               49.10                 8.40
    .20               64.60                -3.00
         CATION_EXCHANGE_CAPACITY   BASE_SATRTN   CARBONATE_FRACTION   SOIL_RESISTIVITY
    ------------------------   -----------   ------------------   ----------------
    41.80               90.70              -3.00               -3
    45.00               87.10              -3.00               -3
    48.40              101.40              -3.00               -3
    28.60              225.90              22.50               -3
         SOIL_WATER_SUSPENSION_PH   SOIL_CACL2_SUSPENSION_PH   BICARB_SATRTN_EXTRCT
    ------------------------   ------------------------   --------------------
    6.20                     5.80                   5.90
    6.10                     5.50                  -3.00
    7.00                     6.30                  -3.00
    8.30                     7.70                  -3.00
         CHLORIDE_SATRTN_EXTRCT   SULFATE_SATRTN_EXTRCT   CONDCTVTY_SATRTN_EXTRCT
    ----------------------   ---------------------   -----------------------
    .20                      .80                   .710
    -3.00                   -3.00                 -3.000
    -3.00                   -3.00                 -3.000
    -3.00                   -3.00                 -3.000
         BULK_DENSITY   COARSE_FRAGMENTS   DEPTH_TO_TOP   DEPTH_TO_BOTTOM   DRY_COLOR
    ------------   ----------------   ------------   ---------------   ---------
    .980             18                               15           10YR 31
    1.130             70              15               41           10YR 42
    1.210             37              41               62           7.5YR 54
    1.430              9              62               78           10YR 64
         MOIST_COLOR   SOIL_TEXTURE_CLASS   SOIL_STRUCTURE_CLASS   DRY_SOIL_CONSISTENCE
    -----------   ------------------   --------------------   --------------------
    10YR 21           SICL                 3M GR                    000
    10YR 32           SICL                 2M GR                    000
    7.5YR44           SIC                  2F SBK                   000
    10YR 54           SICL                 2F SBK                   000
         MOIST_SOIL_CONSISTENCE   SOIL_MOTTLE    SOIL_SURFACE_FEATURES
    ----------------------   ------------   ---------------------
    FI
    FI
    FI                                    TMCDZ7.5YR32
    FI                                    TCPDZ7.5YR32
         LOWER_BNDRY_DISTINCTNESS   EFFERVESCENCE_CLASS   EFFERVESCENCE_AGENT
    ------------------------   -------------------   -------------------
    CW
    CW
    GW
    GW                            2                   I
         DEGREE_OF_EFFERVESCENCE   ROOT_DISTRIBUTION   CONCRETIONS   ROCK_FRAGMENTS
    -----------------------   -----------------   -----------   --------------
    M 1 T                           S151
    M 1 T                           S601
    C 1 P                           S501
    C                       F 1 P             K2C  2        H051
         WATER_EXTRCTD_1_THIRD_BAR    WATER_EXTRCTD_15_BAR
    -------------------------    --------------------
    35.40                   23.70
    37.80                   26.80
    35.90                   27.80
    25.20                   15.40
    

    8. Data Organization:

    Data Granularity:

    These were point data. However, the soil profile information represents data from approximately 1 meter square area.

    A general description of data granularity as it applies to the IMS appears in the EOSDIS Glossary.

    Data Format:

    The CD-ROM file format consists of numerical and character fields of varying length separated by commas. The character fields are enclosed with a single apostrophe. There are no spaces between the fields. Each file begins with five header records. Header records contain the following information: Record 1 Name of this file, its table name, number of records in this file, path and name of the document that describes the data in this file, and name of principal investigator for these data. Record 2 Path and filename of the previous data set, and path and filename of the next data set. (Path and filenames for files that contain another set of data taken at the same site on the same day.) Record 3 Path and filename of the previous site, and path and filename of the next site. (Path and filenames for files of the same data set taken on the same day for the previous and next sites (sequentially numbered by SITEGRID_ID)). Record 4 Path and filename of the previous date, and path and filename of the next date. (Path and filenames for files of the same data set taken at the same site for the previous and next date.) Record 5 Column names for the data within the file, delimited by commas. Record 6 Data records begin.

    Each field represents one of the attributes listed in the chart in the Data Characteristics Section and described in detail in the TDF file. These fields are in the same order as in the chart.

    9. Data Manipulations:

    Formulae:

    Derivation Techniques and Algorithms:

    Not available at this revision.

    Data Processing Sequence:

    Processing Steps:

    Not available at this revision.

    Processing Changes:

    Not available at this revision.

    Calculations:

    Special Corrections/Adjustments:

    Not available at this revision.

    Calculated Variables:

    Not available at this revision.

    Graphs and Plots:

    None.

    10. Errors:

    Sources of Error:

    There are several sources of error in a soil survey, these include the subjective descriptions used for several of the variables, and the errors inherent in the soil chemistry measurements.

    Quality Assessment:

    Data Validation by Source:

    No information on data validation was provided by the USDA-SCS.

    Confidence Level/Accuracy Judgment:

    No information on this was provided by the USDA-SCS.

    Measurement Error for Parameters:

    No quantitative assessment was made, see the Confidence Level/Accuracy Judgment Section.

    Other errors mentioned in the Sources of Error Section above were not quantified.

    Additional Quality Assessments:

    Not available at this revision.

    Data Verification by Data Center:

    The data verification performed by the ORNL DAAC deals with the quality of the data format, media, and readability. The ORNL DAAC does not make an assessment of the quality of the data itself except during the course of performing other QA procedures as described below.

    The FIFE data were transferred to the ORNL DAAC via CD-ROM. These CD-ROMs are distributed by the ORNL DAAC unmodified as a set or in individual volumes, as requested. In addition, the DAAC has incorporated each of the 98 FIFE tabular datasets from the CD-ROMs into its online data holdings. Incorporation of these data involved the following steps:

    Each distinct type of data (i.e. "data set" on the CD-ROM), is accompanied by a documentation file (i.e., .doc file) and a data format/structure definition file (i.e., .tdf file). The data format files on the CD-ROM are Oracle SQL commands (e.g., "create table") that can be used to set up a relational database table structure. This file provides column/variable names, character/numeric type, length, and format, and labels/comments. These SQL commands were converted to SAS code and were used to create SAS data sets and subsequently to input data files directly from the CD-ROM into a SAS dataset. During this process, file names and directory paths were captured and metadata was extracted to the extent possible electronically. No files were found to be corrupted or unreadable during the conversion process.

    Additional Quality Assurance procedures were performed as follows:

    As errors are discovered in the online tabular data by investigators, users, or DAAC staff, corrections are made in cooperation with the principal investigators. These corrections are then distributed to users. CD-ROM data are corrected when re-mastering occurs for replenishment of CD-ROM stock.

    11. Notes:

    Limitations of the Data:

    Not available.

    Known Problems with the Data:

    None.

    Usage Guidance:

    The pedons described in this data set are not the typical pedon in the mapping unit (soil series) represented in the USDA-SCS soil map of the area. Therefore, caution should be exercised in using specific information from one site to interpret data from another site with the same soil series, bearing in mind the heterogeneity that is possible in a soilscape.

    Any Other Relevant Information about the Study:

    At the request of a non-FIFE investigator the USDA - Soil Conservation Service made a detailed description of the following soils within the FIFE study area in 1990.

    Note: Only 3 of the 5 soil series found within the FIFE area were sampled by this investigator. Second, these are the actual field measurements and observations. They may not agree with the conceptual soil unit relationships.

    Pedon Narrative Description

    Soils Series: Clime
    Soil Survey #S90-KS-l6l-536
    Survey Area ID: 600
    Map Unit Symbol: BF
    Photo Number: 36
    Description Type: full pedon description
    Pedon Type: Map unit inclusion
    Correlated Name: Benfield - Florence Complex
    Location: FIFE 9l0 (3317-SCS) l600 ft E and l00 ft
    N of the SW corner Section l9 TllS, R8E
    Latitude: 39-04-24-N
    Longitude: 096-35-l5-W
    Classification: fine, mixed, mesic Entic Haplustoll
    Physiography: Hillside in Hills
    Geomorphic Position: on upper third, back slope of a side slope
    Slope Characteristics: 35% west facing plane horizontal, convex vertical
    Elevation: 420 m MSL
    Precipitation: ustic moisture regime
    MLRA: 76
    Hydraulic Conductivity: moderately low
    Drainage Class: somewhat excessively drained
    Particle Size Control Section: 25 to 9l cm
    Runoff: rapid
    Parent Material: local colluvium from limestone-shale material over residuum from limestone-shale material
    Diagnostic Horizons: 0 to 60 cm mollic, 30 to 9l cm cambic, 9l to l0l cm paralithic contact
    Described By: William Wehmueller
    Date: 0l/90

    Notes: FIFE Station 9l0 (3317-SCS) on Konza Prairie

  • A--0 to 30 cm; very dark gray (l0YR 3/l) coarse gravely silty clay loam; black (l0YR 2/l) moist; moderate medium granular structure; hard, friable; many fine roots throughout; slightly effervescent (HCl, limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • Bwl--30 to 60 cm; dark grayish brown (l0YR 4/2) cobbly silty clay loam; very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; hard, friable; many fine roots throughout; strongly effervescent (HCl, unspecified) continuous; l5% cobbles limestone; l0% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • 2Bw2--60 to 9l cm; grayish brown (2.5Y 5/2) silty clay loam; dark grayish brown (2.5Y 4.2) moist; weak fine and medium subangular blocky structure; hard, firm; strongly effervescent (HCl, unspecified) continuous; 5% pebbles limestone-cherty.
  • 2C4--9l to l0l cm; calcareous, olive shale.
  • Soils Series: Tully
    Soil Survey # S90-KS-l6l-537
    Survey Area ID: 600
    Map Unit Symbol: BF
    Photo Number: 36
    Description Type: full pedon description
    Pedon Type: Map unit inclusion
    Correlated Name: Benfield - Florence Complex
    Location: Fife 908 700 ft W and 600 ft N of the SE corner Section l8 Tlls, R8E
    Latitude: 39-05-l6-N
    Longitude: 096-33-28-W
    Classification: fine, mixed, mesic Pachic Argiustoll
    Physiology: Hillside in Hills
    Geomorphic Position: on upper third, foot slope of a side slope
    Slope Characteristics: l7% east facing concave horizontal, plane vertical
    Elevation: 4l4 m MSL
    Precipitation: ustic moisture regime
    MLRA: 76
    Hydraulic Conductivity: low
    Drainage Class: well drained
    Land Use: rangeland not grazed
    Particle Size Control Section: 27 to 76 cm
    Parent Material: local colluvium from limestone-shale material
    Diagnostic Horizons: 0 to 55 cm mollic, 27 to ll9 cm argillic
    Described By: William Wehmueller
    Date: 0l/90

    Notes: FIFE 908 (2330-SCS) on Konza Prairie

  • Al--0 to 20 cm; very dark gray (l0YR 3/l) silty clay loam; black (l0YR 2/l) moist; moderate medium granular structure; slightly hard, friable; many fine roots throughout; clear smooth boundary.
  • A2--20 to 27 cm; very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) silty clay loam; very dark brown (l0YR 2/2) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; hard, friable; many fine roots throughout; 5% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • Btl--27 to 40 cm; dark grayish brown (l0YR 4/2) gravely silty clay; very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) moist; moderate fine and medium subangular blocky structure; very hard, very firm; common fine roots throughout; common distinct very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) continuous clay films (cutans) on vertical and horizontal faces of peds; l5% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • Blt2--40 to 55 cm; brown to dark brown (7.5YR 4/4) silty clay; 50% dark brown (l0YR 3/3), and 50% dark brown 7.5YR ¾) moist; common fine faint brown to dark brown (7.5YR 4/4) mottles; moderate fine and medium subangular blocky structure; very hard, very firm; common fine roots throughout; common distinct dark brown (7.5YR 3/2) continuous clay films (cutans) on vertical and horizontal faces of peds; 20% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • Bt3--55 to ll9 cm; brown (7.5YR 5/4) silty clay loam; brown to dark brown (7.5YR 4/4) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; very hard, very firm; common fine roots throughout; few distinct patchy clay films (cutans) on faces of peds; l2% pebbles limestone-cherty.
  • Soils Series: Benfield
    Soil Survey # S90-KS-l6l-535
    Survey Area ID: 600
    Map Unit Symbol: BF
    Photo Number: 36
    Description Type: full pedon description
    Pedon Type: within range of map unit
    Correlated Name: Benfield - Florence Complex
    Location: FIFE 9l2 (3129-SCS) l300 ft W and 400 ft N of
    the SE corner Section l9 TllS, R8E
    Latitude: 39-04-28-N
    Longitude: 096-33-32-W
    Classification: fine, mixed, mesic Pachic Argiustoll
    Physiography: Hillside in Hills
    Geomorphic Position: on lower third, back slope of a side slope
    Slope Characteristics: 25% northeast facing convex horizontal, convex vertical
    Elevation: 4l4 m MSL
    Precipitation: ustic moisture regime
    MLRA: 76
    Hydraulic Conductivity: low
    Drainage Class: somewhat excessively drained
    Land Use: rangeland not grazed
    Particle Size Control Section: 30 to 76 cm
    Runoff: rapid
    Parent Material: local colluvium from limestone-shale material over residuum from shale-calcareous material
    Diagnostic Horizons: 0 to 60 cm mollic, 30 to 9l cm argillic, lll to l2l cm paralithic contact
    Described By: William Wehmueller
    Date: 0l/90

    Notes: FIFE 9l2 (3129-SCS) on Konza Prairie

  • Al--0 to 20 cm; very dark gray (l0YR 3/l) silty clay loam; black (l0YR 2/l) moist; moderate medium granular structure; slightly hard, friable; many fine roots throughout; clear smooth boundary.
  • Al--20 to 30 cm; very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) gravely silty clay loam; very dark brown (l0YR 2/2) moist; moderate fine subangular blocky structure; firm; many fine roots throughout; l5% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • Btl--30 to 48 cm; dark grayish brown (l0YR 4/2) coarse gravely silty clay; very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; very hard, very firm; many fine roots throughout; common distinct very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) continuous clay films (cutans) on vertical and horizontal faces of peds; 25% pebbles limestone-cherty; clear smooth boundary.
  • 2Bt2--48 to 60 cm; brown to dark brown (l0YR 4/3) silty clay; dark brown (l0YR 3/3), and very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; common fine roots throughout; common distinct very dark grayish brown (l0YR 3/2) continuous clay films (cutans) on vertical and horizontal faces of peds; 2% pebbles limestone-cherty; gradual smooth boundary.
  • 2Bt2--60 to 76 cm; 80% grayish brown (2.5Y 5/2), and 20% brown to dark brown (l0YR 4/3) silty clay; 80% dark grayish brown (2.5Y 4/2), and 20% dark grayish brown (l0YR 4/2) moist; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; very hard, very firm; common fine roots throughout; few faint discontinuous clay films (cutans) on vertical faces of peds; common fine and medium rounded soft masses of carbonate; strongly effervescent; l% pebbles limestone-cherty; gradual smooth boundary.
  • 2Bt4--76 to 9l cm; silty clay loam; olive brown (2.5Y 4/4), and moist; weak fine and medium subangular blocky structure; hard, firm; few fine roots throughout; few faint patchy clay films (cutans) on vertical faces of peds; common fine and medium rounded soft masses of carbonate; violently effervescent; 3% pebbles shale; gradual smooth boundary.
  • 2BC--9l to lll cm; olive (5Y 5/4) silty clay loam; olive (5Y 5/3) moist; weak fine and medium subangular blocky structure; hard, firm; violently effervescent; l0% pebbles shale; gradual smooth boundary.
  • 2Cr-lll to l2l cm; calcareous olive shale.
  • 12. Application of the Data Set:

    Not available.

    13. Future Modifications and Plans:

    The FIFE field campaigns were held in 1987 and 1989 and there are no plans for new data collection. Field work continues near the FIFE site at the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network Konza research site (i.e., LTER continues to monitor the site). The FIFE investigators are continuing to analyze and model the data from the field campaigns to produce new data products.

    14. Software:

    Software to access the data set is available on the all volumes of the FIFE CD-ROM set. For a detailed description of the available software see the Software Description Document.

    15. Data Access:

    Contact Information:

    ORNL DAAC User Services
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Telephone: (865) 241-3952
    FAX: (865) 574-4665

    Email: ornldaac@ornl.gov

    Data Center Identification:

    ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center
    Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    USA

    Telephone: (865) 241-3952
    FAX: (865) 574-4665

    Email: ornldaac@ornl.gov

    Procedures for Obtaining Data:

    Users may place requests by telephone, electronic mail, or FAX. Data is also available via the World Wide Web at http://daac.ornl.gov.

    Data Center Status/Plans:

    FIFE data are available from the ORNL DAAC. Please contact the ORNL DAAC User Services Office for the most current information about these data.

    16. Output Products and Availability:

    Soil Properties Reference Information data are available on FIFE CD-ROM Volume 1. The CD-ROM filename is as follows:

    \DATA\SOILPROP\SOILSURV\1987MULT.SSV

    17. References:

    Satellite/Instrument/Data Processing Documentation.

    Soil Survey Staff. 1975. Soil Taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys. USDA-SCS Agri. Handb. 436. U.S. Gov. Print. Office. Washington, DC.

    Soil Survey Staff. 1984. Procedures for collecting soil samples and methods of analysis for soil survey. USDA-SCS Soil Surv. Invest. Rep. no. 1. U.S. Gov. Print. Office. Washington, DC.

    Soil Survey Staff. 1990. Keys to soil taxonomy. 4th ed. Soil Manage. Support Serv. Tech. Monogr. 19. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. Blacksburg, VA.

    Journal Articles and Study Reports.

    Bauer, M.E., L.L. Biehl, C.S.J. Daughtry, B.F. Robinson, and E.R. Stoner. 1978. Final Report: Agricultural scene understanding and supporting field research. LARS Contract Report no. 112879. Purdue Univ. West Lafayette, IN.

    Baumgardner, M.F., E.R. Stoner, L.F. Silva, and L.L. Biehl. 1985. Reflectance properties of soils. In: N. Brady (ed). Adv. Agron. 38:1-44.

    Beckett, P.H.T., and R. Webster. 1971. Soil variability: A review. Soils and Fertilizer. 34:1-16.

    Buol, S.W., F.D. Hole, R.J. McCracken. 1980. Soil Genesis and Classification. 2nd ed. Iowa State Univ. Press Ames. 406pp. See pp23.

    Obukhov, A.I., and D.S. Orlov. 1964. Spectral reflectivity of major soil groups and the possibility of using diffuse reflection in soil investigation. Sov. Soil Sci. 2:174-184.

    Stoner, E.R., M.F. Baumgardner, L.L. Biehl, and B.F. Robinson. 1980. Atlas of soil reflectance properties. Res. Bull. 962. Agri. Exp. Stn.Purdue University, Indiana.

    Stoner, E.R., and M.F. Baumgardner. 1981. Characteristic variations in reflectance from surface soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 45:1161-1165.

    Archive/DBMS Usage Documentation.

    Contact the EOS Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee (see the Data Center Identification Section). Documentation about using the archive and/or online access to the data at the ORNL DAAC is not available at this revision.

    18. Glossary of Terms:

    A general glossary for the DAAC is located at Glossary.

    19. List of Acronyms:

    CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment FIS FIFE Information System ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project MSL Mean Sea Level ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory SCS Soil Conservation Service URL Uniform Resource Locator USDA United States Department of Agriculture UTM Universal Transverse Mercator

    A general list of acronyms for the DAAC is available at Acronyms.

    20. Document Information:

    April 26, 1994 (citation revised on October 15, 2002).

    This document has been reviewed by the FIFE Information Scientist to eliminate technical and editorial inaccuracies. Previous versions of this document have been reviewed by the Principal Investigator, the person who transmitted the data to FIS, a FIS staff member, or a FIFE scientist generally familiar with the data. It is believed that the document accurately describes the data as collected and as archived on the FIFE CD-ROM series.

    Document Review Date:

    June 28, 1996.

    Document ID:

    ORNL-FIFE_SOILSURV.

    Citation:

    Cite this data set as follows:

    Huemmrich F. K., and E. Levine. 1994. Soil Survey Reference (FIFE). Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. doi:10.3334/ORNLDAAC/115. Also published in D. E. Strebel, D. R. Landis, K. F. Huemmrich, and B. W. Meeson (eds.), Collected Data of the First ISLSCP Field Experiment, Vol. 1: Surface Observations and Non-Image Data Sets. CD-ROM. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, U.S.A. (available from http://www.daac.ornl.gov).

    Document Curator:

    DAAC Staff

    Document URL:

    http://daac.ornl.gov