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Pre-ABoVE: Arctic Vegetation Plots at Imnavait Creek, Alaska, 1984-1985

Documentation Revision Date: 2016-11-23

Data Set Version: V1

Summary

This data set provides environmental, soil, and vegetation data collected during the periods of August 1984 and August-September 1985 from 84 study plots at the Imnavait Creek research site. Imnavait Creek is located in a shallow basin at the foothills of the central Brooks Range. Data includes the baseline plot information for vegetation, soils, and site factors for the study plots subjectively located in 14 plant communities that occur in 19 broad habitat types across the glaciated landscape. Specific attributes include: dominant vegetation species, cover, indices, and biomass pools; soil chemistry, physical characteristics, moisture, and organic matter. This product brings together for easy reference all the available information collected from the plots that has been used for the classification, mapping, and analysis of geo-botanical factors in the Imnavait Creek region and across Alaska.

The data set includes four data files in *.csv format and four companion files in *.pdf format

Figure 1: Imnavait Creek Permanent Vegetation Plot Layout at Plot SW-58.

Citation

Walker, D.A. 2016. Pre-ABoVE: Arctic Vegetation Plots at Imnavait Creek, Alaska, 1984-1985. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1356

Table of Contents

  1. Data Set Overview
  2. Data Characteristics
  3. Application and Derivation
  4. Quality Assessment
  5. Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods
  6. Data Access
  7. References

Data Set Overview

This data set is a summary of environmental, soil, and vegetation information collected from 84 study plots near Imnavait Creek, Alaska. Imnavait Creek is situated in a shallow basin at the foothills of the central Brooks Range and the Imnavait Creek vegetation area is located near the center of the Upper Kuparuk River region and encloses a 22-km2 area northeast of Toolik Lake, close to the southern foothills of northern Alaska. The Dalton Highway and the trans-Alaska pipeline both pass nearby. Imnavait Creek was chosen as a study site as it provides a good representation of the southern foothills of the Brooks Range, a glaciated region characterized by rolling tundra plains interspersed with hills, knobs and low ridges. Data includes the baseline plot information for vegetation, soils, and site factors for the study plots subjectively located in 14 plant communities that occur in 19 broad habitat types across the glaciated landscape. Specific attributes include: dominant vegetation species, cover, indices, and biomass pools; soil chemistry, physical characteristics, moisture, and organic matter. This product brings together for easy reference all the available information collected from the plots that has been used for the classification, mapping, and analysis of geo-botanical factors in the Imnavait Creek region and across Alaska.

The Pre-ABoVE vegetation plot data sets were curated to create the Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA-AK; Walker et al. 2016b, Walker 2013). The AVA-AK is a regional database that is part of the larger Arctic Vegetation Archive (Walker 2016a, Walker et al. 2013, Walker and Raynolds 2011).  The database contains vegetation plots from homogeneous plant communities with tables of cover or cover-abundance scores for all species, and accompanying environmental site data.  Field data were collected using Braun-Blanquet, US National Vegetation Classification protocols, or comparable methods.

Project: Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE)

The Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) is a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign that will take place in Alaska and western Canada between 2016 and 2021. Climate change in the Arctic and Boreal region is unfolding faster than anywhere else on Earth. ABoVE seeks a better understanding of the vulnerability and resilience of ecosystems and society to this changing environment.

Acknowledgements:

These data were obtained from the Alaska Arctic Geoecological Atlas (http://agc.portal.gina.alaska.edu), which provides access to existing Arctic vegetation plot and map data in support of the ABoVE campaign.

Data Characteristics

Spatial Coverage: Imnavait Creek, Alaska

ABoVE Grid Location:  Ah1v0.Bh2v3

Spatial Resolution: Point samples

Temporal Coverage: 19840801 to 19850901

Temporal Resolution: Each plot was sampled once.

Study Area: (All latitude and longitude given in decimal degrees)

Site

Westernmost Longitude

Easternmost Longitude

Northernmost Latitude

Southernmost Latitude

Imnavait Creek, Alaska

 -149.325283

 -149.23

 68.625

 68.6

 

Data File Information

The data set includes four data files in *.csv format – Imnavait_Creek_Soil_Data, Imnavait_Creek_Species_Data, Imnavait_Creek_Spectral_Biomass_Data, and Imnavait_Creek_Environmental_Data.

There are three companion files – Imnavait_Creek_Veg_Plots_Report_Walker_1987.pdf, Imnavait_Creek_Plot_Photos.pdf,  and USFWS_Bioreport_Arctic_Wetland_Soil_Veg_WalkerM_1989.pdf

 

Table 1. Data and companion files

Data File Name Description
Imnavait_Creek_Soil_Data.csv Soil characterization data for Imnavait Creek research plots
Imnavait_Creek_Species_Data.csv Species cover data for Imnavait Creek research plots
Imnavait_Creek_Environmental_Data.csv Comprehensive set of environmental characterization data for Imnavait Creek research plots including the descriptive site factors. Most measurement data have been processed to provide values at a common 10 cm depth. This measurement comparability facilitates analysis of geo-botanical relationships across Alaska.
Imnavait_Creek_Spectral_Biomass_Data.csv NDVI, LAI, iPAR and above ground biomass data for the Imnavait Creek Research plots
Companion File Name Description
Imnavait_Creek_Veg_Plots_Report_Walker_1987.pdf Plot data report (Walker et al., 1987)
Imnavait_Creek_Plot_Photos.pdf This file contains landscape, plot, and soil photos of the Imnavait Creek vegetation plots.
Imnavait_Creek_Legend.pdf This file contains the legend for the environmental parameters of the Imnavait Creek vegetation plots.
USFWS_Bioreport_Arctic_Wetland_Soil_Veg_WalkerM_1989.pdf Summary report of all the data collected, methods of collection, maps/plots etc. for the 84 study plots at the Imnavait Creek research site (Walker et al., 1989)

 

Data Descriptions: The column names, their units and descriptions for each of the *.csv data files are listed below.

 

Table 2. Imnavait_Creek_Soil_Data.csv

Column Name Units  Description
PLOT_NO   Plot number where the soil sample was collected
HORIZON    Soil horizon
DEPTH CM Depth of the soil layer. [ Watch out -- opening this *.csv in Excel may cause some DEPTH values to be interpreted as dates. Import DEPTH as 'text'. ]
WET_COLOR MUNSELL Color of wet soil in the soil sample following Munsell System of Color Notation
ORGANIC_MATTER % Percentage of organic matter in the soil sample
COARSE_GRAVEL % Percentage of coarse gravel in the soil sample
FINE_GRAVEL % Percentage of fine gravel in the soil sample
SAND % Percentage of sand in the soil sample
SILT % Percentage of silt in the soil sample
CLAY % Percentage of clay in the soil sample
TEXTURE   Texture of the soil in the soil sample
HYGROSCOPIC_MOISTURE % Hygroscopic moisture of the soil sample
BULK_DENSITY G/CC Bulk density of the soil sample
SOIL_PH    PH of the soil sample
CA_NH4OAC_EXTRACT  MEQ/100G Extractable Ca in the soil sample
CA_NH4OAC_EXTRACT MCG/G Extractable Ca in the soil sample
MG_NH4OAC_EXTRACT MEQ/100G Extractable Mg in the soil sample
MG_NH4OAC_EXTRACT MCG/G Extractable Mg in the soil sample
K_NH4OAC_EXTRACT  MEQ/100G Extractable K in the soil sample
K_NH4OAC_EXTRACT  MCG/G Extractable K in the soil sample
NO3_KCL_EXTRACT MCG/G Extractable NO3 in the soil sample

 

Table 3. Imnavait_Creek_Spectral_Biomass_Data.csv

Column Name Units  Description
SITE   Site Name
REPLICATE_SAMPLE   Combination of plot number and microsite
PLOT_NUMBER   Plot Number
MICROSITE_WITHIN_PLOT   Microsite description of the plots
PHYSISCAL_CATEGORY   Physiographic category code
PHYSICAL_CATEGORY_NAME   Physiographic category name
ACIDIC_NONACIDIC   Description of acidic/non-acidic
ALLIANCE_CODE   Vegetation alliance code
ALLIANCE_NAME   Vegetation alliance name
ASSOCIATION_CODE   Vegetation association code
ASSOCIATION_NAME   Vegetation association name
SUBASSOCIATION_CODE   Vegetation sub-association code
SUBASSOCIATION_NAME   Vegetation sub-association name
RED_BAND  % Red/visible band
NIR_BAND  % Near-infrared
SAVI   Soil adjusted vegetation index
NDVI   Normalized difference vegetation index
2ND_DERIV_AT_695NM   2nd Derivative at 695NM
2ND_DERIV_AT_743NM   2nd Derivative at 743 NM
TRANSMITTED  % Percentage of transmitted radiation
IPAR  % Percentage of incidental photosynthetically active radiation
0_58K_LAI   0.58K Leaf Area Index
0_65K_LAI   0.65K Leaf Area Index
0_61K_LAI   0.61K Leaf Area Index
MEAN_LAI   Average leaf area index
PLOT_AVERAGE_LAI   Average leaf area index for the plot
PLOT_AVERAGE_NDVI   Average  NDVI for the plot
LIVE_GRAMINOID  G/SQUARE METER Amount of live graminoid
DEAD_GRAMINOID  G/SQUARE METER Amount of dead graminoid
LIVE_FORB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of live forb
DEAD_FORB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of dead forb
LIVE_DECIDUOUS_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of live deciduous shrub
DEAD_DECIDUOUS_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of dead deciduous shrub
WOODY_DECIDUOUS_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of woody deciduous shrub
LIVE_EVERGREEN_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of live evergreen shrub
DEAD_EVERGREEN_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of dead evergreen shrub
WOODY_EVERGREEN_SHRUB  G/SQUARE METER Amount of woody evergreen shrub
SPHAGNUM  G/SQUARE METER Amount of sphagnum
OTHER_MOSS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of other types of moss
LICHENS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of lichens
MISCELLANEOUS_DEAD  G/SQUARE METER  
ALGAE  G/SQUARE METER Amount of algae
LIVE_EQUISETUM  G/SQUARE METER Amount of live equisetum
DEAD_EQUISETUM  G/SQUARE METER Amount of dead equisetum
AQUATIC_MOSS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of aquatic moss
TOTAL_BIOMASS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of total biomass
GREEN_BIOMASS_INCLUDING_LICHENS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of green biomass including lichens
GREEN_BIOMASS_WITHOUT_LICHENS  G/SQUARE METER Amount of green biomass excluding lichens

 

Table 4. Imnavait_Creek_Environmental_Data.csv

Note: Coded and scalar variables are followed by a description column (e.g., LANDFORM and LANDFORM_DESC). See the companion file Imnavait_Creek_Env_Legend.pdf for a complete list of coded and scalar variables and their descriptions.

Column Name Units  Description
FIELD_PLOT_NUMBER   Field plot number
PLANT_COMMUNITY_NAME   Primary vegetation types
MICROSITE   Detailed description of microsite within the plots
DATE_SAMPLED YYYYMMDD Sampling date
LATITUDE Decimal degrees Latitude of the center of the plots
LONGITUDE Decimal degrees Longitude of the center of the plots
LANDFORM   Landform of the plots
LANDFORM_DESC   Description of landforms of the plots
TERRAIN_UNIT   Glacial geology of the plots
TERRAIN_UNIT_DESC   Description of glacial geology of the plots
SLOPE Degrees Slope of the plots
ASPECT Degrees Aspect of the plots
EXPOSURE   Exposure of the plots
EXPOSURE_DESC   Description of the exposure of the plots
SURFACE_FORM   Surficial geomorphology of the plots
SURFACE_FORM_DESC   Description of surficial geomorphology of the plots
MICROSITE_CODE   Microsite of the plots
MICROSITE_DESC   Description of microsite of the plots
COVER_ OF_MICROSITE % Percentage of microsite cover in the plot
SITE_MOISTURE   Site moisture of the plots
SITE_MOISTURE_DESC   Description of the site moisture of the plots
ESTIMATED_SNOW_DURATION   Estimated snow duration within the plots
ESTIMATED_SNOW_DURATION_DESC   Description of estimated snow duration within the plots
SNOW_ DEPTH CM Depth of snow within the plots
STABILITY   Stability of the plots
STABILITY_DESC   Description of stability of the plots
CRYOTURBATION % Cryoturbation within the plots
MICRORELIEF_HEIGHT CM Microrelief height of the plots
TUSSOCK_THAW_DEPTH CM Depth to Tussock permafrost of the plots
INTER_TUSSOCK_THAW_DEPTH  CM Depth to Inter-Tussock permafrost of the plots
BARE_SOIL_COVER % Percentage of bare soil cover in the plot
ROCK_COVER % Percentage of rock cover in the plot
SOIL_TYPE   Soil units in the plot
SOIL_TYPE_DESC   Description of the soil units within the plot
SOIL_MOISTURE   Soil moisture content within the plots
SOIL_MOISTURE_DESC   Description of the soil moisture content within the plots
LOW_SHRUB_COVER % Percentage of low shrub cover in the plot
DWARF_SHRUB_COVER % Percentage of dwarf shrub cover in the plot
MEAN_SHRUB_HEIGHT CM Average shrub height within the plot in the plot
TUSSOCK_GRAMINOID_COVER % Percentage of Tussock graminoid cover in the plot
NON_TUSSOCK_GRAMINOID_COVER % Percentage of Non-Tussock graminoid cover in the plot
FORB_COVER % Percentage of forb cover in the plot
LICHEN_COVER % Percentage of lichen cover in the plot
BRYOPHYTE_COVER % Percentage of bryophyte cover in the plot
HORSETAIL_COVER  % Percentage of horsetail cover in the plot
DISTURBANCE_HUMAN   Disturbance by humans
DISTURBANCE_HUMAN_DESC   Description of disturbance by humans
DISTURBANCE_FOX   Disturbance by fox
DISTURBANCE_FOX_DESC   Description of disturbance by fox
DISTURBANCE_BEAR   Disturbance by bear
DISTURBANCE_BEAR_DESC   Description of disturbance by bear
DISTURBANCE_CARIBOU   Disturbance by caribou
DISTURBANCE_CARIBOU_DESC   Description of disturbance by caribou
DISTURBANCE_SQUIRREL   Disturbance by squirrel
DISTURBANCE_SQUIRREL_DESC   Description of disturbance by squirrel
DISTURBANCE_LEMMING_VOLE   Disturbance by lemming vole
DISTURBANCE_LEMMING_VOLE_DESC   Description of disturbance by lemming vole
DISTURBANCE_MOOSE   Disturbance by moose
DISTURBANCE_MOOSE_DESC   Description of disturbance by moose
DISTURBANCE_BIRD   Disturbance by bird
DISTURBANCE_BIRD_DESC   Description of disturbance by bird
DISTURBANCE_INSECT   Disturbance by insect
DISTURBANCE_INSECT_DESC   Description of disturbance by insect
SOIL_ORGANIC_DEPTH CM Depth of soil organic matter
HORIZON_AT_10_CM   Soil horizon at 10 cm depth
WET_COLOR_AT_10_CM MUNSELL Color of wet soil at 10 cm depth following Munsell System of Color Notation
ORGANIC_MATTER_AT_10_CM % Soil organic matter at 10 cm depth
COARSE_GRAVEL_AT_10_CM % Percentage of coarse gravel in the soil at 10 cm depth
FINE_GRAVEL_AT_10_CM  % Percentage of fine gravel in the soil at 10 cm depth
SAND_AT_10_CM % Percentage of sand in the soil at 10 cm depth
SILT_AT_10_CM % Percentage of silt in the soil at 10 cm depth
CLAY_AT_10_CM % Percentage of clay in the soil at 10 cm depth
TEXTURE_AT_10_CM   Soil texture at the top of the mineral horizon
SOIL_TEXTURE_TOP_MINERAL_HORIZON   Soil texture at 10 cm depth
HYGROSCOPIC_MOISTURE_AT_10_CM   Hygroscopic moisture at 10 cm depth
BULK_DENSITY_AT_10_CM  G/CC Bulk density of the soil at 10 cm depth
SOIL_PH_AT_10_CM   PH of the soil at 10 cm depth
SOIL_PH_AT_TOP_MINERAL_HORIZON   Soil pH at the top of the mineral horizon
CA_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MEQ/100G Extractable Ca in the soil at 10 cm depth
CA_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MCG/G Extractable Ca in the soil at 10 cm depth
MG_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MEQ/100G Extractable Mg in the soil at 10 cm depth
MG_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MCG/G Extractable Mg in the soil at 10 cm depth
K_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MEQ/100G Extractable K in the soil at 10 cm depth
K_NH4OAC_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MCG/G Extractable K in the soil at 10 cm depth
NO3_KCL_EXTRACT_AT_10_CM MCG/G Extractable NO3 in the soil at 10 cm depth
PLOT_SIZE   Size of each plot
PLOT_SHAPE   Shape of each plots
REMARKS   Remarks 

 

Table 5. Imnavait_Creek_Species_Data.csv

Column Numbers Column Name Units  Description
1 PASL_TAXON_SCIENTIFIC_NAME_NO_AUTHORS   Current Taxonomy according to the Panarctic Species List (PASL)
2 PASL_TAXON_SCIENTIFIC_NAME_WITH_AUTHOR(S)   Current Taxonomy according to the Panarctic Species List (PASL) including authors names
3 DATASET_TAXON   Data set taxonomy
4 to 87 SW01 to SW73   Column headings are all 84 plot numbers. The data values are Species Cover Classes (Braun-Blanquet cover-abundance scale): where r (rare), + (common, but less than 1 percent cover), 1 (1-5 percent), 2 (6 to 25 percent), 3 (25 to 50 percent), 4 (51 to 75 percent), 5 (76 to 100 percent).

 

Application and Derivation

These data bring together for easy reference all the available information collected from the plots and has been used for the classification, mapping and analysis of the environmental controls in the Imnavait Creek region. Derived regional maps of these data will be used in regional models of fluxes of trace gases, water, and energy from tundra surfaces and provides useful input to several phases of the R4D (Response, Resistance, Resilience and Recovery from Disturbance) research including the landscape ecology, slope modeling, and the primary productivity studies. In addition, a circumpolar vegetation classification resulting from these data sets would be highly desirable to extend the results to the entire arctic region.

Quality Assessment

No specific quality assessment information provided.

Data Acquisition, Materials, and Methods

Imnavait Creek is situated in a shallow basin at the foothills of the central Brooks Range and the Imnavait Creek vegetation area is located near the center of the Upper Kuparuk River region and encloses a 22-km2 area northeast of Toolik Lake, close to the southern foothills of northern Alaska. The Dalton Highway and the trans-Alaska pipeline both pass nearby. The hills near Imnavait Creek rise less than 100 m from the valley bottoms to the crests, and are elongated in SSE to NNW trending ridges. The west-facing aspects of these ridges are much gentler and longer than the east-facing aspects; in fact, over 60% of the terrain has NW/SW-facing aspects. Most hill crests have till at the surface, providing rocky mineral substrate for plant communities, whereas hill slopes and valley bottoms are generally smoothly eroded and covered by colluvium and shallow peat deposits. Imnavait Creek was chosen as a study site as it provides a good representation of the southern foothills of the Brooks Range, a glaciated region characterized by rolling tundra plains interspersed with hills, knobs and low ridges. Data includes the baseline plot information for vegetation, soils, and site factors for the study plots subjectively located in 14 plant communities that occur in 19 broad habitat types across the glaciated landscape.

The eighty-four plots at the Imnavait Creek research site at the foothills of the central Brooks Range (shown in Figure 2) were subjectively located in 14 plant communities and 19 broad habitat types including:

  • dry sandstone outcrops (6 plots),
  • glacial boulder fields (2 plots),
  • dry rocky till (5 plots), hill slope nonsorted stripes (5 plots),
  • frost scars on stripes (5),
  • areas between nonsorted stripes (3 plots),
  • hill slopes between with solifluction (5 plots),
  • snowbeds (10 plots),
  • water tracks (7 plots),
  • margins of water tracks (2 plots),
  • hill slopes between water tracks, (12 plots),
  • west frost scars (3 plots),
  • hummocks and strangs in wet meadows of colluvial basins (3 plots),
  • wet tundra between strangs in colluvial basins (6 plots),
  • palsas (2 plots),
  • stream margins (4 plots),
  • stream channels (2 plots),
  • and beaded-stream ponds (3 plots)

Figure 2. Location map of the 84 Imnavait Creek Permanent Vegetation Plots.

Vegetation Plot Sampling

A formal relevé sampling of the designated plots was done during the period August 1-10, 1984 and August 17-September 4, 1985 to sample the diversity of vegetation types of the region. Each plot was marked with a 1.3 m high wooden lathe in the center of the plot and three short stakes on the perimeter of the plot. An aluminum identification tag was attached to the center stake. The plots had no fixed size in order to obtain a complete species list, however the size of the plots were estimated and are included within these data. For more details see Imnavait_Creek_Veg_Plots_Report_Walker_1987.pdf

Sampling of the plots included:

  1. Taking photographs of the general site (Figure 1), close-up of vegetation (Figure 3), and close-up of the soil profile (Figure 4). Photos are provided in Imnavait_Creek_Veg_Plots_Report_Walker_1987.pdf and Imnavait_Creek_Plot_Photos.pdf. Within each permanent plot, a smaller 1-m2 photo-plot was marked for periodic close-up photos to record long-term changes due to mortality, recruitment, disturbance, or climate changes. This plot was marked with four wire flags and string around the perimeter of the plot.
  2. Measuring site factors listed in Table 3 plus measurements of thaw depth, estimates of cover of bare soil, rocks, the height of vegetation and the major plant growth forms as summarized in Table 4
  3. Field sampling of soils where soil pits were dug adjacent to the plots and described and classified according to the U.S. soil taxonomy [Walker et al., 1987]. Soil samples were collected from each horizon and air dried in the laboratory. Bulk density and soil moisture samples were taken from the sides of the soil pits or from large solid plugs for the wet soils using a 240-ml soil can.
  4. Laboratory analysis of soil samples included routine analysis on all samples [pH (saturated paste); electric current; NO3-N, (KCL extract); P, K, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, (NH4HCO3-DPTA extract); lime estimate, texture estimate (by hand); organic matter (Walkley-Black or ash method); and Sodium Adsorption Ratio]. Selected samples were analyzed for percent sand, percent silt and percent clay; and Ca, Mg, Na, K (NH4OAc extract).
  5. Estimating vegetation cover using the Braun-Blanquet cover-abundance scale (r = rare; + = common but less than 1 % cover; 1 = 1-5%; 2 = 6-25%; 3 = 25-50%; 4 = 51-75%; 5 = 76-100%). Plant communities were determined and sample plots were marked with stakes. The area surrounding each plot marker was searched until no new species in the plant community being sampled were encountered. Cover abundance values are relatively broad subjective classes, and were determined by estimating cover within the general area of the stake. Voucher collections were made for all vascular plants, bryophytes, and lichens occurring in the relevé.

 

Figure 3: Vegetation at one of the Imnavait Creek permanent plots (Plot SW-15).

 

Figure 4: Soil profile at one of the Imnavait Creek permanent plots (Plot SW-47).

 

Spectral and Biomass Data

NDVI, LAI, iPAR, and above ground biomass measurements were collected for the Imnavait Creek permanent vegetation plots. The results were published in Shippert et al. (1995) and Walker et al. (1995).

Overall 3 random replicates were sampled at each plot between 25 July and 10 August 1993. These measurements are named by the suffix A, B, or C added to the plot ID.

  • The NDVI data are derived from field spectroscopy carried out with a ASD PS-II portable field spectrometer. The NDVI values were calculated from reflectances at wavelengths corresponding to the Landsat TM red band (630-690 nm) and the near-infrared band (760-900 nm).
  • The LAI was measured with a PCA-2000 plant canopy analyzer by LI-COR Inc.
  • IPAR was measured with a LI-1000-line quantum sensor by LI-COR Inc.
  • Total biomass was measured by collecting all above-ground organic material at each sample site within a 50x20 cm wire frame centered over the site of reflectance, LAI and iPAR measurements.

Note that the Spectral and Biomass - Imnavait Creek Plot (IMN) numbers correspond to the Imnavait Creek plot numbers established by Walker whose field numbers begin with SW.

 

Data Source

This data set was provided by the GINA repository at http://geobotanical.portal.gina.alaska.edu/plot-archive/plot-datasets/17-imnavait-creek; access date 20 Oct 2016. For additional background information on this data set please refer to http://www.arcticatlas.org/support/tldatareport/index.

Data Access

These data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).

Pre-ABoVE: Arctic Vegetation Plots at Imnavait Creek, Alaska, 1984-1985

Contact for Data Center Access Information:

References

Shippert, M. M., D. A. Walker, N. A. Auerbach, and B. E. Lewis. 1995. Biomass and leaf-area index maps derived from SPOT images for Toolik Lake and Imnavait Creek areas, Alaska. Polar Record 31:147–154.

Walker, D. A., F. J. A. Daniëls, I. Alsos, U. S. Bhatt, A. L. Breen, M. Buchhorn, H. Bültmann, L. A. Druckenmiller, M. E. Edwards, D. Ehrich, H. E. Epstein, W. A. Gould, R. A. Ims, M. H, M. K. Raynolds, J. Sibik, and S. S. Talbot. 2016a. Arctic vegetation: A hierarchic review of productivity, biodiversity patterns and an Arctic vegetation archive. Environmental Research Letters

Walker, D. A.; A. L. Breen; L. A. Druckenmiller; L. W. Wirth; W. Fisher; M. K. Raynolds; J. Šibík; M. D. Walker; S. Hennekens; K. Boggs; T. Boucher; M. Buchhorn; H. Bültmann; D. J. Cooper; F. J.A Daniëls; S. J. Davidson; J. J. Ebersole; S. C. Elmendorf; H. E. Epstein; W. A. Gould; R. D. Hollister; C. M. Iversen; M.T. Jorgenson; A. Kade; M. T. Lee; W. H. MacKenzie; R. K. Peet; J. L. Peirce; U. Schickhoff; V. L. Sloan; S. S. Talbot; C. E. Tweedie; S. Villarreal; P. J. Webber; D. Zona. The Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive. 2016b. Phytocoenologia doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2016/0128  

Walker, D.A. (Ed). Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive Workshop, Boulder, Colorado, October 14-16, 2013. CAFF Proceedings Report #11. Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN: 978-9935-431-29-5.

Walker, D. A., N. A. Auerbach, and M. M. Shippert. 1995. NDVI, biomass, and landscape evolution of glaciated terrain in northern Alaska. Polar Record 31:169–178.

Walker, D. A., A. L. Breen, M. K. Raynolds, and M. D. Walker, editors. 2013. Arctic Vegetation Archive Workshop, Krakow, Poland April 14-16, 2013. CAFF Proceedings Report #10. Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN: 978-9935-431-24-0.

Walker, D. A., and M. K. Raynolds. 2011. An International Arctic Vegetation Database: A foundation for panarctic biodiversity studies. CAFF Strategy Series Report nr. 5. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Akureyri, Iceland.

Walker, M.D., D.A. Walker, and K.R. Everett. 1989. Wetland soils and vegetation, Arctic Foothills, Alaska. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Biol. Rep. 89(7). 89 pp.

Walker, D.A., Lederer, N.D., Walker, M.D. 1987. Permanent vegetation plots (Imnavait Creek): site factors, soil physical and chemical properties, and plant species cover. DOE R4D Program Data Report. 43 pp.